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Bacteria classification using minimal absent words

Gabriele Fici Alessio Langiu Giosuè Lo Bosco Riccardo Rizzo

*Corresponding author: Gabriele Fici gabriele.fici@unipa.it

medicalScience2018,1,23doi:10.3934/medsci.2018.1.23

Bacteria classification has been deeply investigated with different tools for many purposes,such as early diagnosis, metagenomics, phylogenetics. Classification methods based on ribosomalDNA sequences are considered a reference in this area. We present a new classificatier for bacteriaspecies based on a dissimilarity measure of purely combinatorial nature. This measure is based onthe notion of Minimal Absent Words, a combinatorial definition that recently found applications inbioinformatics. We can therefore incorporate this measure into a probabilistic neural network in orderto classify bacteria species. Our approach is motivated by the fact that there is a vast literature on thecombinatorics of Minimal Absent Words in relation with the degree of repetitiveness of a sequence.We ran our experiments on a public dataset of Ribosomal RNA Sequences from the complex 16S. Ourapproach showed a very high score in the accuracy of the classification, proving hence that our methodis comparable with the standard tools available for the automatic classification of bacteria species.

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