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Development of renewable energy resources in Afghanistan for economically optimized cross-border electricity trading

Mohammad Masih Sediqi Harun Or Rashid Howlader Abdul Matin Ibrahimi Mir Sayed Shah Danish Najib Rahman Sabory Tomonobu Senjyu

*Corresponding author: Mohammad Masih Sediqi mohammadmasiih@gmail.com


Afghanistan is a key country between energy surplus areas (Central Asian Republics andIran) and energy deficit regions (Pakistan and India). It is in a position that can facilitate and launchregional electricity trade for the benefit of the region also derive significant gains for its own economyfrom energy imports and exports. On the other hand, Afghanistan is endowed with large renewableenergy resources (RERs), which it could exploit not only to satisfy its domestic power demand butalso to earn significant export revenue. This paper firstly explains the methodology and framework forthe power trade and then presents an optimization framework for profit maximization in the short-runtrading and cost minimization in the long-run trading. The proposed methodology is applied to a realcase between Afghanistan and Pakistan. The objective functions, parameters, variables and constraintsare described for both optimization models. System sizing, simulation and optimization are carriedout using genetic algorithm (GA) technique. The results in the short-run model represent optimalityof about 2654 MW electricity export from Afghanistan to Pakistan during summer. Moreover, resultsderived from running long-run model depict that by utilizing its RERs such as solar, wind and hydro,Afghanistan can not only meet its power demand but also can export to Pakistan during its deficitperiods and gain remarkable energy profits.

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