Pollution and Chemicals in the Environment

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Guest Editor
Dr. Nick Voulvoulis
Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London
Email: n.voulvoulis@imperial.ac.uk

Manuscript Topics
Invitation to submit an original research article, opinion paper or review article for a special issue of AIMS Environmental Science:
Theme: Pollution and Chemicals in the Environment

A wide range of non-living toxins that are present in the environment are potentially harmful to human health or the environment. Close to 50 million chemicals are registered with the CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) and the production, use and discarding of these can lead to environmental pollution at every step. The use of synthetic material is ubiquitous, often with scant regard to its environmental effects. Chemicals have made much of modern life possible, but they have also contaminated landscapes around the world. They can travel great distances by air or accumulate in the bodies of animals and humans who absorb chemicals through the skin or ingest them in food or water. For instance, by 2000, the world’s chemical production had increased 400 fold since 1930; some 26 million tonnes of plastic ends up in the ocean every year; and The United Nations estimates that 85 billion pounds-worth of electronic waste is discarded annually.

Chemicals made by nature can also be of concern; there are even examples of environmental harm resulting from the presence of relatively benign natural compounds, either in unexpected places or in unexpected quantities. Both organic and inorganic substances, natural as well as manufactured substances, can therefore have significant impacts to our health or the environment, not only because of their chemical properties, but also because of hazards derived from their physical properties, for example, particulates and nanoparticles. Increasingly, there has been particular concern about three types of chemicals: chemicals that persist in the environment and accumulate in the bodies of wildlife and people; endocrine disruptors that can interfere with hormones; and chemicals that cause cancer or damage DNA.

It is now widely recognised that controls must be put in place in order to reduce or manage risks associated with exposure to chemicals. In order to do this, research is necessary on the types of chemical used and the risks they pose, which in turn depend on their levels and modes of toxicity, the scale and mode of their use, the receptors likely to be affected, and safeguards already put in place. This issue invites articles that address Pollution and Chemicals in the Environment from all these points of view. The field of interest includes but is not limited to the (overlapping) fields of industrial chemicals, pesticides, endocrine disrupters, radioactive elements, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, oestrogens both natural and synthetic, airborne particles, nanomaterials, with particular interest in emerging contaminants.

Paper submission
 All manuscripts will be peer-reviewed before their acceptance for publication.
The deadline for manuscript submission is 31 January 2015.

Instruction for Authors

E. Stanley, J. Plant, N. Voulvoulis
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Hoa T. Trinh, Peter Adriaens, Christian M. Lastoskie
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Ross Sadler
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Pasquale Avino, Maurizio Manigrasso
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Lucky Joeng, Shahnaz Bakand, Amanda Hayes
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Vincent Carré, Sébastien Schramm, Frédéric Aubriet
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Joyce Cristale, Silvia Lacorte
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Thierry Woignier, Florence Clostre, Philippe Cattan, Magalie Lesueur-Jannoyer
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Herve Aloysius, Daniel Desaulniers, Stelvio M. Bandiera
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Michael R. Templeton, Acile S. Hammoud, Adrian P. Butler, Laura Braun, Julie-Anne Foucher, Johanna Grossmann, Moussa Boukari, Serigne Faye, Jean Patrice Jourda
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