AIMS Energy, 2013, 1(1): 17-27. doi: 10.3934/energy.2013.1.17.

Research Article

Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Synthesis gas production from various biomass feedstocks

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, 03080 Alicante, Spain

The decomposition of five different biomass samples was studied in a horizontal laboratory reactor. The samples consisted of esparto grass, straw, Posidonea Oceanic seaweed, waste from urban and agricultural pruning and waste from forest pruning. Both pyrolysis in inert atmosphere and combustion in the presence of oxygen were studied. Different heating rates were used by varying the input speed. Major gas compounds were analyzed. The experimental results show that the amount of CO formed is lower in less dense species. It is also found that there is an increase of hydrocarbons formed at increasing feeding rates, in particular methane, while there is a decrease in the production of hydrogen.
  Article Metrics

Keywords biomass; gasification; syngas; thermochemical biofuels; seaweed

Citation: Juan A. Conesa, A. Domene. Synthesis gas production from various biomass feedstocks. AIMS Energy, 2013, 1(1): 17-27. doi: 10.3934/energy.2013.1.17


  • 1. Ohlström M, Mäkinen T, Laurikko J, et al. (2001) New concepts for biofuels in transportation biomass-based methanol production and reduced emissions in advanced vehicles. pp. 3-94.
  • 2. Maniatis K (2001) Progress in Biomass Gasification: An Overview; Bridgewater AV, editor. Oxford: Balckwell Scientific Publications.
  • 3. Faaij A (2006) Modern biomass conversion technologies. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11: 343-375.
  • 4. Kumar A, Jones DD, Hanna MA (2009) Thermochemical biomass gasification: A review of the current status of the technology. Energies 2: 556-581.    
  • 5. Reed TBD, A. (1998) Handbook of Boimass Downcraft Gasifier Engine Systems. Golden: Biomass Energy Foundation Press.
  • 6. Klass DL (1998) Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals. San Diego: Academic Press.
  • 7. McKendry P (2002) Energy production from biomass (part 3): Gasification technologies. Bioresource Technology 83: 55-63.    
  • 8. Yang H, Yan R, Chen H, et al. (2007) Characteristics of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin pyrolysis. Fuel 86: 1781-1788.    
  • 9. Mészáros E, Jakab E, Várhegyi G, et al. (2007) Thermogravimetry/mass spectrometry analysis of energy crops. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 88: 477-482.    
  • 10. Szabó P, Várhegyi G, Till F, et al. (1996) Thermogravimetric/mass spectrometric characterization of two energy crops, Arundo donax and Miscanthus sinensis. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 36: 179-190.    
  • 11. Gómez CJ, Mészáros E, Jakab E, et al. (2007) Thermogravimetry/mass spectrometry study of woody residues and an herbaceous biomass crop using PCA techniques. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 80: 416-426.    
  • 12. Khalil RA, Mészáros E, Grønli MG, et al. (2008) Thermal analysis of energy crops. Part I: The applicability of a macro-thermobalance for biomass studies. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 81: 52-59.
  • 13. Barneto AG, Carmona JA, GÃlvez A, et al. (2009) Effects of the composting and the heating rate on biomass gasification. Energy and Fuels 23: 951-957.    
  • 14. Estrada C (2008) Gasificación de biomasa para producción de combustibles de bajo poder calorífico y su utilización en generación de potencia y calor. Scientia et Technica 25.
  • 15. Fushimi C, Araki K, Yamaguchi Y, et al. (2003) Effect of heating rate on steam gasification of biomass. 1. Reactivity of char. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 42: 3922-3928.
  • 16. Roberts DG, Harris DJ, Wall TF (2003) On the effects of high pressure and heating rate during coal pyrolysis on char gasification reactivity. Energy and Fuels 17: 887-895.    
  • 17. Mermoud F, Salvador S, Van de Steene L, et al. (2006) Influence of the pyrolysis heating rate on the steam gasification rate of large wood char particles. Fuel 85: 1473-1482.    
  • 18. Li XT, Grace JR, Lim CJ, et al. (2004) Biomass gasification in a circulating fluidized bed. Biomass and Bioenergy 26: 171-193.    
  • 19. Horta Nogueira LASL, E.E. (2003) Dendroenergía. Fundamentos e aplicaçoes. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Interciencia Ltda.


This article has been cited by

  • 1. Adéla Hlavsová, Agnieszka Corsaro, Helena Raclavská, Dagmar Juchelková, Hana Škrobánková, Jan Frydrych, Syngas Production from Pyrolysis of Nine Composts Obtained from Nonhybrid and Hybrid Perennial Grasses, The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 2014, 1, 10.1155/2014/723092
  • 2. Juan A. Conesa, Nazly Efredis Sánchez, María Ángeles Garrido, Juan C. Casas, Semivolatile and volatile compounds evolution during pyrolysis and combustion of Colombian coffee husk, Energy & Fuels, 2016, 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b00791

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2013, Juan A. Conesa, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved