Research article Special Issues

RNN-based deep learning for physical activity recognition using smartwatch sensors: A case study of simple and complex activity recognition


  • Received: 13 February 2022 Revised: 16 March 2022 Accepted: 23 March 2022 Published: 01 April 2022
  • Currently, identification of complex human activities is experiencing exponential growth through the use of deep learning algorithms. Conventional strategies for recognizing human activity generally rely on handcrafted characteristics from heuristic processes in time and frequency domains. The advancement of deep learning algorithms has addressed most of these issues by automatically extracting features from multimodal sensors to correctly classify human physical activity. This study proposed an attention-based bidirectional gated recurrent unit as Att-BiGRU to enhance recurrent neural networks. This deep learning model allowed flexible forwarding and reverse sequences to extract temporal-dependent characteristics for efficient complex activity recognition. The retrieved temporal characteristics were then used to exemplify essential information through an attention mechanism. A human activity recognition (HAR) methodology combined with our proposed model was evaluated using the publicly available datasets containing physical activity data collected by accelerometers and gyroscopes incorporated in a wristwatch. Simulation experiments showed that attention mechanisms significantly enhanced performance in recognizing complex human activity.

    Citation: Sakorn Mekruksavanich, Anuchit Jitpattanakul. RNN-based deep learning for physical activity recognition using smartwatch sensors: A case study of simple and complex activity recognition[J]. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2022, 19(6): 5671-5698. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2022265

    Related Papers:

  • Currently, identification of complex human activities is experiencing exponential growth through the use of deep learning algorithms. Conventional strategies for recognizing human activity generally rely on handcrafted characteristics from heuristic processes in time and frequency domains. The advancement of deep learning algorithms has addressed most of these issues by automatically extracting features from multimodal sensors to correctly classify human physical activity. This study proposed an attention-based bidirectional gated recurrent unit as Att-BiGRU to enhance recurrent neural networks. This deep learning model allowed flexible forwarding and reverse sequences to extract temporal-dependent characteristics for efficient complex activity recognition. The retrieved temporal characteristics were then used to exemplify essential information through an attention mechanism. A human activity recognition (HAR) methodology combined with our proposed model was evaluated using the publicly available datasets containing physical activity data collected by accelerometers and gyroscopes incorporated in a wristwatch. Simulation experiments showed that attention mechanisms significantly enhanced performance in recognizing complex human activity.



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