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Association of GST gene polymorphism and noise-induced hearing loss
Running title: GST gene polymorphism and NIHL

1 Associate professor, Industrial Diseases Research Center, Center of Excellence for Occupational Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 Assistant professor, Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
3 Professor of Medical Genetics, Stem Cell Biology Research Center, Yazd Reproductive Sciences Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
4 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran

Special Issues: Recent advances in Public Health (Basic and Clinical Studies)

Background: It has been proposed that Noise-induced hearing loss is a complex disease that is combination of environmental and genetic factors. There are inconsistent results concerning the association between variation in glutathione S-transferase (GST) genetic polymorphisms (GSTT1 rs1049055 and GSTM1 rs10712361) and susceptibility to Noise-induced hearing loss. Objective: This study was designed to assess the association between GST gene polymorphism and Noise-induced hearing loss among noise-exposed workers. Methods: In a case-control study, male workers from tile and ceramic factories were selected randomly. Subjects were classified into two groups according to the result of audiometry: 73 subjects showed Noise-induced hearing loss which was considered in the case group and 87 subjects without hearing loss was enrolled in the control group. The GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphism of both groups were assessed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Results: Null GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes were more frequent in case group but no significant statistical difference was seen in case and control groups. No significant link between GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes was found. Conclusion: This study suggests that the genetic variability of GSTT1 and GSTM1 has no effect on susceptibility to noise induced hearing loss.
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Keywords noise; noise induced hearing loss; polymorphism; GSTT1; GSTM1

Citation: Ziba Loukzadeh, Hadi Eshaghi Sani, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha, Farzaneh Morteza Ratki. Association of GST gene polymorphism and noise-induced hearing loss
Running title: GST gene polymorphism and NIHL. AIMS Public Health , 2019, 6(4): 546-553. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2019.4.546

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