AIMS Microbiology, 2017, 3(3): 564-579. doi: 10.3934/microbiol.2017.3.564

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Optimization of factors influencing exopolysaccharide production by Halomonas xianhensis SUR308 under batch culture

Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Calcutta, Kolkata-700019, West Bengal, India

A moderately halophilic bacterium, Halomonas xianhensis SUR308 (GenBank Accession No. KJ933394) was isolated from multi-pond solar salterns of Odisha, India. Exopolysaccharide (EPS) production by this strain in malt extract yeast extract (MY) medium has been optimized under batch culture system. Among the different media tested, MY medium showed an EPS production of 2.55 g/L, which increased to 2.85 g/L under optimized aeration. An initial pH of 7.5 and incubation temperature of 32 °C were found to be most suitable for EPS production by the isolate under aerobic condition. An EPS production of 3.85 g/L was achieved when the growth medium was supplemented with 2.5% NaCl. Glucose was the most favourable carbon source for EPS production and maximum production (5.70 g/L) was recorded with 3% glucose. However, growth as well as production of EPS was remarkably affected when the growth medium was supplemented with hydrocarbons as sole source of carbon. Among different nitrogen sources, casein hydrolysate at 0.5% level was proved to be the best for EPS production and an initial inoculum dose of 7% (v/v) enhanced the EPS production to 7.78 g/L, while the divalent metal ions were in general toxic to growth and EPS production, EPS synthesis by SUR308 was enhanced with Cr (VI) supplementation.
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