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DNA direct repair pathways in cancer

Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute/City of Hope, Duarte, CA 91010 USA

DNA direct repair (DR) pathways are unique in DNA repair because those mechanisms restore the genetic information without any DNA synthesis and are thus error free. We review the DR mechanisms, consequences of the absence of those systems in cells, their occurrence in cancer, regulation of their genes and proteins in cancer cells, and the potential exploitation of inhibitors to enhance chemotherapy.
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