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Basic stochastic model for tumor virotherapy

Department of Mathematical Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, 88001, USA.

Special Issues: Practical Insights from Cancer Models

The complexity of oncolytic virotherapy arises from many factors. In this study, we incorporate environmental noise and stochastic effects to our basic deterministic model and propose a stochastic model for viral therapy in terms of Ito stochastic differential equations. We conduct a detailed analysis of the model using boundary methods. We find two combined parameters, one describes possibilities of eradicating tumors and one is an increasing function of the viral burst size, which serve as thresholds to classify asymptotical dynamics of the model solution paths. We show there are three ergodic invariant probability measures which correspond to equilibrium states of the deterministic model, and extra possibility to eradicate tumor due to strong variance of tumor growth rate and medium viral burst size. Numerical analysis demonstrates several typical solution paths with biological explanations. In addition, we provide some medical interpretations and implications.
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© 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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