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High Expression of TLR2 in the serum of patients with tuberculosis and lung cancer, and can promote the progression of lung cancer

1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Da Qing Long Nan Hospital, Daqing 163453, China
2 Department of Respiratory Medicine, Daqing Oilfield General Hospital, Daqing 163000, China

These two authors contributed equally.

Special Issues: Advanced Big Data Analysis for Precision Medicine

Purpose: The present paper investigated the expression of TLR2 in serum of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer, and verifiedthe effect of TLR2 on the biological characteristics of lung cancer cells. Methods: The common differentially expressed genes in tuberculosis and lung cancer samples were analyzed by edgeR. The intersection of genes was taken and the enrichment analysis and string interaction analysis were performed. The expression of TLR2, inflammatory factors IL6, IL17 and IL22 in serum of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis or lung cancer and lung cell were detected by ELISA. The mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR2, caspase-3, Bax and Bcl-2 were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. CCK-8, colony formation assay, transwell assay and flow cytometry were performed to detect the proliferation, invasion, migration and cells apoptosis of lung cancer cells. Results: Bioinformatics analysis found that high expression of TLR2 is a core regulator in lung cancer and tuberculosis. TLR2 and inflammatory factors IL6, IL17, IL22 are highly expressed in the serum of patients with tuberculosis and lung cancer by ELISA.TLR2 is also highly expressed in lung cancer cells. Silencing TLR2 inhibited the growth, invasion and migration ability of cells, and the expression of IL6, IL17 and IL22. It also promoted the expression of caspase-3 and Baxwith the decreased expression of Bcl-2. Conclusion: TLR2 and inflammatory factors IL6, IL17 and IL22 were highly expressed in the serum of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer. Silencing TLR2 could inhibit the growth, invasion and migration ability of lung cancer cells, and promote apoptosis.
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