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A method for robotic grasping based on improved Gaussian mixture model

1 School of Mechanical Engineering & Automation, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2 Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
3 Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China

Special Issues: Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence

The present research envisages a method for the robotic grasping based on the improved Gaussian mixture model. The improved Gaussian mixture model is a method proposed by incorporating Bayesian ideas into the Gaussian model. It will use the Gaussian model to perform grasping training in a certain area which we called trained area. The improved Gaussian models utilized the trained Gaussian models as prior models. The proposed method improved the cumulative updates and the evaluation results of the improved models to make robots more adaptable to grasp in the untrained areas. The self-taught learning ability of the robot about grasping was semi-supervised. Firstly, the observable variables of objects were determined by a camera. Then, we dragged the robot to grasp object. The relationship between the variables and robot’s joint angles were mapped. We obtained new samples in the close untrained area to improve the Gaussian model. With these new observable variables, the robot grasped it successfully. Finally, the effectiveness of the method was verified by experiments and comparative tests on grasping of real objects and grasping simulation of the improved Gaussian models through the virtual robot experimentation platform.
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Keywords robotic grasping; improved Gaussian models; V-REP simulation

Citation: Yong Tao, Fan Ren, Youdong Chen, Tianmiao Wang, Yu Zou, Chaoyong Chen, Shan Jiang. A method for robotic grasping based on improved Gaussian mixture model. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2020, 17(2): 1495-1510. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2020077

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