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Damping force and energy recovery analysis of regenerative hydraulic electric suspension system under road excitation: modelling and numerical simulation

College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410072, China

Special Issues: Modelling and control of renewable electrical energy systems

The regenerative hydraulic electric suspension (RHES) is a new type of energy regeneration damper system based on the principle of vibration energy harvesting. This system can recover the vibration energy of suspension dissipated in the form of thermal energy when vehicle travels on the road. In previous studies about RHES system, the vehicle suspension displacement is defined as varieties of periodic waves, such as sinusoidal and so on. The energy harvesting performance of damper system can be explained and evaluated to some extent, but the influence of the actual excitation condition of the road is not fully considered when studying the RHES. This paper builds models of road profiles, quarter car and power regeneration based on the proposed RHES system. Furthermore, the change laws of performance with the varies of road class, motor displacement, accumulator capacity and electrical load are summarized and the corresponding optimization suggestions are proposed, which realize the prediction and evaluation of RHES system performance under the excitation of different road profiles. Simulation suggests that this system can recover 100–400 W of power under road excitation. The findings of system analysis indicate that the component design can satisfy the damping characteristics and power performance required for specific application. The results also show that adjusting the electrical load and accumulator capacity is highly beneficial for controlling suspension behaviours, improving system reliability and increasing power regeneration.
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