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Mosquito population control strategies for fighting against arboviruses

1 Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Université de Paris, Inria, Laboratoire J.-L. Lions, F-75005 Paris, France
2 Institut de Recherche Mathématique Avancée, UMR 7501 CNRS-Université de Strasbourg, 7 rue René-Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
3 Laboratoire Analyse, Géométrie et Applications CNRS UMR 7539, Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Villetaneuse, France

Special Issues: Mathematical Methods in the Biosciences

In the fight against vector-borne arboviruses, an important strategy of control of epidemic consists in controlling the population of the vector, Aedes mosquitoes in this case. Among possible actions, two techniques consist either in releasing sterile mosquitoes to reduce the size of the population (Sterile Insect Technique) or in replacing the wild population by one carrying a bacteria, called Wolbachia, blocking the transmission of viruses from insects to humans. This article addresses the issue of optimizing the dissemination protocol for each of these strategies, in order to get as close as possible to these objectives. Starting from a mathematical model describing population dynamics, we study the control problem and introduce the cost function standing for population replacement and sterile insect technique. Then, we establish some properties of the optimal control and illustrate them with numerical simulations.
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Keywords modelling; optimal control; Sterile Insect Technique; Wolbachia

Citation: Luis Almeida, Michel Duprez, Yannick Privat, Nicolas Vauchelet. Mosquito population control strategies for fighting against arboviruses. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2019, 16(6): 6274-6297. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2019313


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