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Numerical simulation of submerged flow bridge scour under dam-break flow using multi-phase SPH method

1 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Transport and Communications, 3 Cau Giay, Lang Thuong, Dong Da, Hanoi, Vietnam
2 Mines Douai, Department of Polymers and Composites Technology & Mechanical Engineering, 941 rue Charles Bourseul, CS 10838, F-59508 Douai Cedex France

Special Issues: Mathematical Methods in Civil Engineering

This paper presents a coupled two-phase flow model for simulation of submerged flow bridge scour under dam-break flows considering the sediment-fluid interaction. The Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method is employed to simulate the sediment and fluid movements based on the Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, respectively, in the framework of two-phase flow modeling. The SPH simulation based on the treatment of Bingham-type Herschel-Bulkley-Papanastasiou constitutive model and the Drucker-Prager yield criterion is used to predict the sediment transport and the scour depth time histories under a submerged bridge deck. The influence of parameters such as geometry of the bridge deck and flow conditions on the scour depth is also investigated.
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