Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

An approach to study the inter-relationship between mechanical and durability properties of ternary blended cement concrete using linear regression analysis

Department of Civil Engineering, Anna University Regional Campus, Tirunelveli-627007, Tamilnadu, India.

Special Issues: IoT and Big Data for Public Health

This paper deals with the experiments conducted to study the effect of copper slag, GGBFS (Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag), metakaolin on the properties of concrete. While GGBFS and metakaolin are used as partial substitutes for cement, copper slag is used as a partial substitute for fine aggregate. This study investigates the mechanical strength of the concrete in terms of compressive strength, flexural strength, split tensile strength, bond strength and durability performance such as water absorption, porosity and sorptivity. In addition the effect of cement and fine aggregate substitution on the microstructure of concrete is also discussed. The results indicated improved strength properties with decreased cost consumption leading to greater efficiency and reduced river sand consumption as an additional benefit.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords copper slag; GGBFS; metakaolin; mechanical strength; durability performance; microstructure

Citation: Sakthieswaran Natarajan, Shiny Brintha Gnanadurai. An approach to study the inter-relationship between mechanical and durability properties of ternary blended cement concrete using linear regression analysis. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2019, 16(5): 3734-3752. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2019185

References

  • 1. P. S. Ambily, C. Umarani, K. Ravisankar, et al., Studies on ultra-high performance concrete incorporating copper slag as fine aggregate, Constr. Build Mater., 77 (2015), 233–240.
  • 2. C. J. Shi, C. Meyer and A. Behnood, Utilization of copper slag in cement and concrete, Resour. Conserv. Recy., 52 (2008), 1115–1120.
  • 3. M. A. G. Dos Anjos, A. T. C. Sales and N. Andrade, Blasted copper slag as fine aggregate in Portland cement concrete, J. Environ. Manage., 196 (2017), 607–613.
  • 4. K. S. Al-Jabri, M. Hisada, S. K. Al-Oraimi, et al., Copper slag as sand replacement for high performance concrete, Cement. Concrete Comp., 31 (2009), 483–488.
  • 5. Q. M. Ma, H. Y. Du, X. T. Zhou, et al., Performance of copper slag contained mortars after exposure to elevated temperatures, Constr. Build Mater., 172 (2018), 378–386.
  • 6. A. K. Rajasekar, M. Arunachalam and Kottaisamy, Assessment of strength and durability characteristics of copper slag incorporated ultra high strength concrete, J. Clean Prod., (2018).
  • 7. R. Sharma and R. A. Khan, Durability assessment of self-compacting concrete incorporating copper slag as fine aggregates, Constr. Build Mater., 155 (2017), 617–629.
  • 8. W. Wu, W. D. Zhang and G. W. Ma, Optimum content of copper slag as a fine aggregate in high strength concrete, Mat. Des., 31 (2010), 2878–2883.
  • 9. W. Wu, W. D. Zhang and G. W. Ma, Mechanical properties of copper slag reinforced concrete under dynamic compression, Constr. Build Mater., 24 (2010), 910–917.
  • 10. E. Ozbay, M. Erdemir and H. I. Durmus, Utilization and efficiency of ground granulated blast furnace slag on concrete properties-A review, Constr. Build Mater., 105 (2016), 423–434.
  • 11. P. Duan, Z. H. Shui, W. Chen, et al., Effects of metakaolin, silica fume and slag on pore structure, interfacial transition zone and compressive strength of concrete, Constr. Build Mater., 44 (2013), 1–6.
  • 12. P. Duan, Z. H. Shui, W. Chen, et al., Enhancing microstructure and durability of concrete from ground granulated blast furnace slag and metakaolin as cement replacement materials, J. Mater. Res. Technol., 2 (2013), 52–59.
  • 13. S. A. Bernal, R. M. de Gutiérrez and J. L. Provis, Engineering and durability properties of concretes based on alkali-activated granulated blast furnace slag/metakaolin blends, Constr. Build Mater., 33(2012), 99–108.
  • 14. K. S. Al-Jabri, R..A. Taha, A. Al-Hashmi, et al., Effect of copper slag and cement by-pass dust addition on mechanical properties of concrete, Constr. Build Mater., 20(2006), 322–331.
  • 15. B. M. Mithun and M. C. Narasimhan, Performance of alkali activated slag concrete mixes incorporating copper slag as fine aggregate, J. Clean Prod., (2015), 1–8.
  • 16. R. Siddique and J. Klaus, Influence of metakaolin on the properties of mortar and concrete: A review, Appl. Clay. Sci., 43 (2009), 392–400.
  • 17. M. Cyr, M. Trinha, B. Husson, et al., Effect of cement type on metakaolin efficiency, Cement. Concret. Res., 64 (2014), 63–72.
  • 18. G. Jiang, Z. D. Rong and W. Sun, Effects of metakaolin on mechanical properties, pore structure and hydration heat of mortars at 0.17 w/b ratio, Constr. Build Mater., 93(2015), 564–572.
  • 19. P. Dinakar, K. Pradosh, Sahoo, et al., Effect of metakaolin content on the properties of high strength concrete, Int. J. Concr. Struct. M., 7 (2013), 215–223.
  • 20. R. S. Nicolas, M. Cyr and G. Escadeillas, Performance-based approach to durability of concrete containing flash-calcined metakaolin as cement replacement, Constr. Build Mater., 55(2014), 313–322.
  • 21. S. Barbhuiya, P. L. Chow and S. Memonb, Microstructure, hydration and nano mechanical properties of concrete containing metakaolin, Constr. Build Mater., 95(2015), 696–702.
  • 22. A. A. Ramezanianpour and H. B. Jovein, Influence of metakaolin as supplementary cementing material on strength and durability of concretes, Constr. Build Mater., 30(2012), 470–479.
  • 23. Z. G. Shi, Z. H. Shui, Q. Li, et al., Combined effect of metakaolin and sea water on performance and microstructures of concrete, Constr. Build Mater., 74(2015), 57–64.
  • 24. V. Subathra Devi and B. K. Gnanavel, Properties of concrete manufactured using steel slag,Proced. Eng., 97(2014), 95 –104.
  • 25. S. Teng, T. Y. Darren Lim and B. S. Divsholi, Durability and mechanical properties of high strength concrete incorporating ultrafine ground granulated blast furnace slag, Constr. Build Mater., 40(2013), 875–881.
  • 26. M. Bohac, M. Palou, R. Novotny, et al., Investigation on early hydration of ternary Portland cement-blast-furnace slag–metakaolin blends, Constr. Build Mater., 64 (2014), 333–341.
  • 27. A. Castel and S. J. Foster, Bond strength between blended slag and Class F fly ash geo-polymer concrete with steel reinforcement, Cement. Concret. Res., 72(2015), 48–53.
  • 28. IS 10262-2009, Guidelines for Concrete Mix Design, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
  • 29. IS 1199-1959, Indian Standard Methods of Sampling and Analysis of Concrete, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
  • 30. IS 516-1959, Indian Standard Code of Practice-Methods of Test for Strength of Concrete, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
  • 31. IS 5816-1999, Method of test splitting tensile strength of concrete, Bureau of Indian Standards,New Delhi, India.
  • 32. IS 2770-Part-1-1967, Methods Of Testing Bond In Reinforced Concrete, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
  • 33. ASTM C642, Standard test method for density, absorption and voids in hardened concrete,American Society for Testing and Materials, United States.
  • 34. ASTM C1585, Standard test method for measurement of rate of absorption of water by hydraulic cement concretes, American Society for Testing and Materials, United States.

 

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2019 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved