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Traveling waves of di usive disease models with time delay and degeneracy

1 School of Mathematics, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, P.R China
2 Department of Mathematics, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA 70503, USA

In this paper, we propose a diffusive epidemic model with a standard incidence rate and distributed delays in disease transmission. We also consider the degenerate case when one of the diffusion coe cients vanishes. By establishing existence theory of traveling wave solutions and providing sharp lower bound for the wave speeds, we prove linear determinacy of the proposed model system. Sensitivity analysis suggests that disease propagation is slowed down by transmission delay but fastened by spatial diffusion. The existence proof is based on the construction of a suitable convex set which is invariant under the integral map of traveling wave equations. An innovative argument is formulated to study the boundary value problems of nonlinear elliptic equations satisfied by the traveling wave solutions, which enables us to prove that there does not exist a positive traveling wave connecting two nontrivial equilibria.
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