### Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering

2019, Issue 2: 967-989. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2019045
Research article Special Issues

# Modeling the imported malaria to north Africa and the absorption effect of the immigrants

• Received: 18 October 2018 Accepted: 24 December 2018 Published: 30 January 2019
• As Malaria represents one of the major health burdens in Africa, there is a risk of reappearance of this vector-borne disease in malaria-free or low risk countries such as those in North Africa. One of the factors that can lead to this situation is the flow of sub-Saharan immigrants trying to reach Europe through North Africa. In this work, we investigate such a possibility via a mathematical model. We assume that the immigrant (non-locals) population has a carrying capacity that limits their numbers in the host country, and we study how they might contribute to the disease spread. Our analysis gave conditions of the persistence of the disease and showed that the non-local population could have a positive effect by reducing the spread of Malaria.

Citation: Souâd Yacheur, Ali Moussaoui, Abdessamad Tridane. Modeling the imported malaria to north Africa and the absorption effect of the immigrants[J]. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2019, 16(2): 967-989. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2019045

### Related Papers:

• As Malaria represents one of the major health burdens in Africa, there is a risk of reappearance of this vector-borne disease in malaria-free or low risk countries such as those in North Africa. One of the factors that can lead to this situation is the flow of sub-Saharan immigrants trying to reach Europe through North Africa. In this work, we investigate such a possibility via a mathematical model. We assume that the immigrant (non-locals) population has a carrying capacity that limits their numbers in the host country, and we study how they might contribute to the disease spread. Our analysis gave conditions of the persistence of the disease and showed that the non-local population could have a positive effect by reducing the spread of Malaria.

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沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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