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Supercritical hydrothermal synthesis of polycrystalline gadolinium aluminum perovskite materials (GdAlO3, GAP)

1 Department of Studies in Earth Science, University of Mysore, Mysore 570 006, India
2 State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
3 Department of Environmental Science, University of Mysore, Mysore 570 006, India

The orthorhombic perovskite, Gadolinium aluminum oxide (GdAlO3, GAP) material was successfully prepared by hydrothermal supercritical fluid method using co-precipitated gel of GAP. All experiments were carried out in the pressure and temperature ranges of 100–150 MPa and 180–650 °C respectively. The as-prepared GAP samples were systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), thermo gravimetry (TGA) and differential thermo gravimetry analysis (DTA). The XRD profile confirms fully crystalline and orthorhombic nature of as-prepared materials, which is well correlated to the reported results. The SEM studies reveal that the GAP materials synthesized at 650 °C/150 MPa for 92 hrs possesses polycrystalline nature with average particle size in the range of 5–20 µm. The DTA shows a crystallization peak at 361 °C at this temperature the agglomerated GAP gel starts to crystallize into polycrystalline GAP materials. When compared with other methods, like sol-gel and solid-state reactions our crystallization temperature is very much lower and feasible. This work not only demonstrates a simple way to fabricate GAP polycrystalline materials from co-precipitated gels but also shows a possible utilization of same technique for synthesis of other high temperature materials.
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