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Effect of micro-cracks in nonhomogeneous stress field on fracture instability in structural components

Center of Advanced Innovation Technologies VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic

Special Issues: Interaction of Multiple Cracks in Materials -Volume 1

The paper analyses the effects of statistical distribution in sizes of micro-cracks on scatter of fracture toughness of steels under brittle conditions. The results are utilized for reliability assessment of selected functional parts. The reliability considered as a complementary probability of brittle fracture initiation is discussed in dependence on the character of statistical distribution of micro-crack sizes, mechanical properties of steel, mechanisms of energy dissipation during cracks propagation, variation of loading, stress state of functional part and its service life. This probability approach is compared with deterministic reliability access originating from computation of safety factor. Its rational evaluation as a function of acceptable probability of fracture instability provides high economical effects saving materials and energy.
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