Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Synthesis and characterization of ZnO thin film by low cost modified SILAR technique

1 Holography and Material Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004 (MH), India
2 Thick and Thin Film Device Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004 (MH), India

The ZnO thin film is prepared on Fluorine Tin Oxide (FTO) coated glass substrate by using SILAR deposition technique containing ZnSO4.7H2O and NaOH as precursor solution with 150 deeping cycles at 70 °C temperature. Nanocrystalline diamond like ZnO thin film is characterized by different characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform (FT) Raman spectrometer, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) with Energy dispersive X-Ray Analysis (EDAX), optical absorption, surface wettability and photoelectrochemical cell performance measurement. The X-ray diffraction analysis shows that the ZnO thin film is polycrystalline in nature having hexagonal crystal structure. The FT-Raman scattering exhibits a sharp and strong mode at 383 cm−1 which confirms hexagonal ZnO nanostructure. The surface morphology study reveals that deposited ZnO film consists of nanocrystalline diamond like morphology all over the substrate. The synthesized thin film exhibited absorption wavelength around 309 nm. Optical study predicted the direct band gap and band gap energy of this film is found to be 3.66 eV. The photoelectrochemical cell (PEC) parameter measurement study shows that ZnO sample confirmed the highest values of, short circuit current (Isc - 629 mAcm−2), open circuit voltage (Voc - 878 mV), fill factor (FF - 0.48), and maximum efficiency (η - 0.89%), respectively.
  Article Metrics

Keywords zinc oxide thin film; XRD; (FE-SEM); optical; photoelectrochemical cell

Citation: Haridas D. Dhaygude, Surendra K. Shinde, Ninad B. Velhal, G.M. Lohar, Vijay J. Fulari. Synthesis and characterization of ZnO thin film by low cost modified SILAR technique. AIMS Materials Science, 2016, 3(2): 349-356. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2016.2.349


  • 1. Fortunato E, Gonçalves A, Pimentel A, et al. (2009) Zinc oxide, a multifunctional material: from material to device applications. J Appl Phys A 96: 197–205.    
  • 2. Martins R, Barquinha P, Pimentel A, et al. (2008) Electron transport in single and multicomponent n-type oxide semiconductors. J Thin Solid Films 516: 1322–1325.    
  • 3. ÖzgürÜ, Alivov YI, Liu C, et al. (2005) A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices. J Appl Phys 98: 041301–041402.
  • 4. Brien SO, Nolan MG, Çopuroglu M, et al. (2010) Zinc oxide thin films: Characterization and potential applications. J Thin Solid Films 518: 4515–4519.    
  • 5. Martins R, Fortunato E, Nunes P, et al. (2004) Zinc oxide as an ozone sensor. J Appl Phys 96: 1398–1408.
  • 6. Shinde SK, Thombare JV, Dubal DP, et al. (2013) Electrochemical synthesis of photosensitive nano-nest like CdSe0.6Te0.4 thin films. J Appl Surf Sci 282: 561–565.
  • 7. Lohar GM, Dhaygude HD, Patil RA, et al. (2015) Studies of properties of Fe2+ doped ZnSe nanoneedles for photoelectrochemical cell application. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 26: 8904–8914.
  • 8. Haratia M, Love D, LauWM, et al. (2012) Preparation of crystalline zinc oxide films by one-step electrodeposition in Reline. J Mater Lett 89: 339–342.    
  • 9. Xu XL, Lau SP, Chen JS, et al. (2001) Polycrystalline ZnO thin films on Si (1 0 0) deposited by filtered cathodic vacuum arc. J Cryst Growth 223: 201–205.
  • 10. McGuire K, Pan ZW, Wang ZL, et al. (2002), Raman Studies of Semiconducting Oxide Nanobelts. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2: 499–502.
  • 11. Dhaygude HD, Shinde SK, Dubal DP, et al. (2015) Electrosynthesis of nanoflower like-ZnS thin films and its characterization. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 26: 8563–8567.    
  • 12. Hong RY, Li JH, Chen LL, et al. (2009) Synthesis, surface modification and photocatalytic property of ZnO nanoparticles. J Powder Technol 189: 426–432.
  • 13. Kwok DY, Lam CNC, Li A, et al. (1998) Measuring and interpreting contact angles: a complex issue, Colloids and Surf. A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 142: 219–235    
  • 14. Lohar GM, Jadhav ST, Dhaygude HD, et al. (2015) Studies of properties of Fe3+doped ZnSe nanoparticle and hollow spheres for photoelectrochemical cell application. J Alloy Compd 653: 22–31.    
  • 15. Lohar GM, Jadhav ST, Takale MV, et al. (2015), Photoelectrochemical cell studies of Fe2+ doped ZnSe nanorods using the potentiostatic mode of electrodeposition. J Colloid Interf Sci 458: 136–146.


This article has been cited by

  • 1. Vijay S. Rana, Jeevitesh K. Rajput, Trilok K. Pathak, L.P. Purohit, Cu sputtered Cu/ZnO Schottky diodes on fluorine doped tin oxide substrate for optoelectronic applications, Thin Solid Films, 2019, 679, 79, 10.1016/j.tsf.2019.04.019
  • 2. Lubna Yaqoob, Tayyaba Noor, Naseem Iqbal, Habib Nasir, Manzar Sohail, Neelam Zaman, Muhammad Usman, Nanocomposites of cobalt benzene Tricarboxylic acid MOF with rGO: An efficient and robust electocatalyst for oxygen evaluation reaction (OER), Renewable Energy, 2020, 10.1016/j.renene.2020.04.131

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2016, Vijay J. Fulari, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved