Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Aging dependent phase transformation of mesostructured titanium dioxide nanomaterials prepared by evaporation-induced self-assembly process: Implications for solar hydrogen production

Department of Chemistry, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD-57069, USA

Special Issues: Multifunctional Oxide Materials

Mesostructured titanium dioxide materials were prepared by Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly (EISA) method using titanium isopropoxide and a cationic surfactant. The titania phase could be tuned by simply varying the aging time. As the aging time increased, hierarchically structured mesoporous materials with mixed phases of titania were obtained. The rutile content was found to generally increase with length in aging time. The mesostructured materials were evaluated for hydrogen production, and a mixed phase consisting of 95% anatase and 5% rutile showed the highest activity. This study indicates that the aging time is an important parameter for the preparation of mesostructured materials with hierarchical porosities and mixed phase(s) of titania.
  Article Metrics


1. Bai J, Zhou BX (2014) Titanium dioxide nanomaterials for sensor applications. Chem Rev 114: 10131-10176.    

2. Bai Y, Mora-Sero I, De Angelis F, et al. (2014) Titanium dioxide nanomaterials for photovoltaic applications. Chem Rev 114: 10095-10130.    

3. Ma Y, Wang XL, Jia YS, et al. (2014) Titanium dioxide-based nanomaterials for photocatalytic fuel generations. Chem Rev 114: 9987-10043.    

4. Sang LX, Zhao YX, Burda C (2014) TiO2 nanoparticles as functional building blocks. Chem Rev 114: 9283-9318.    

5. Schneider J, Matsuoka M, Takeuchi M, et al. (2014) Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials. Chem Rev 114: 9919-9986.    

6. Soler-Illia GJdAA, Sanchez C, Lebeau B, et al. (2002) Chemical strategies to design textured materials: from microporous and mesoporous oxides to nanonetworks and hierarchical structures. Chem Rev 102: 4093-4138.    

7. Shen X, Zhang J, Tian B (2011) Microemulsion-mediated solvothermal synthesis and photocatalytic properties of crystalline titania with controllable phases of anatase and rutile. J Hazard Mater 192: 651-657.    

8. Parayil SK, Psota RJ, Koodali RT (2013) Modulating the textural properties and photocatalytic hydrogen production activity of TiO2 by high temperature supercritical drying. Int J Hydrogen Energ 38: 10215-10225.    

9. You X, Chen F, Zhang J (2005) Effects of calcination on the physical and photocatalytic properties of TiO2 powders prepared by sol-gel template method. J Sol-Gel Sci Techn 34: 181-187.    

10. Hwang K-J, Yoo S-J, Kim S-S, et al. (2008) Photovoltaic performance of nanoporous tio2 replicas synthesized from mesoporous materials for dye-sensitized solar cells. J Nanosci Nanotechno 8: 4976-4981.    

11. Hwang K-J, Shim W-G, Jung S-H, et al. (2010) Analysis of adsorption properties of N719 dye molecules on nanoporous TiO2 surface for dye-sensitized solar cell. Appl Surf Sci 256: 5428-5433.    

12. Cassiers K, Linssen T, Meynen V, et al. (2003) A new strategy towards ultra stable mesoporous titania with nanosized anatase walls. Chem Comm 21: 1178-1179.

13. Meynen V, Cool P, Vansant EF (2009) Verified syntheses of mesoporous materials. Micropor Mesopor Mat 125: 170-223.    

14. Kho YK, Iwase A, Teoh WY, et al. (2010) Photocatalytic H2 Evolution over TiO2 nanoparticles. The synergistic effect of anatase and rutile. J Phys Chem C 114: 2821-2829.

15. Andronic L, Perniu D, Duta A (2013) Synergistic effect between TiO2 sol-gel and Degussa P25 in dye photodegradation. J Sol-Gel Sci Techn 66: 472-480.    

16. Li G, Dimitrijevic NM, Chen L, et al. (2008) The important role of tetrahedral Ti4+ sites in the phase transformation and photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanocomposites. J Am Chem Soc 130: 5402-5403.

17. Chen L, Yao B, Cao Y, et al. (2007) Synthesis of well-ordered mesoporous titania with tunable phase content and high photoactivity. J Phys Chem C 111: 11849-11853.    

18. Dai S, Wu Y, Sakai T, et al. (2010) Preparation of highly crystalline TiO2 nanostructures by acid-assisted hydrothermal treatment of hexagonal-structured nanocrystalline titania/cetyltrimethyammonium bromide nanoskeleton. Nanoscale Res Lett 5: 1829-1835.    

19. Yan M, Chen F, Zhang J, et al. (2005) Preparation of controllable crystalline titania and study on the photocatalytic properties, J Phys Chem B 109: 8673-8678.

20. Teleki A, Pratsinis SE, Kalyanasundaram K, et al. (2006) Sensing of organic vapors by flame-made TiO2 nanoparticles. Sensor Actuat B-Chem 119: 683-690.    

21. Meyer S, Gorges R, Kreisel G (2004) Preparation and characterisation of titanium dioxide films for catalytic applications generated by anodic spark deposition. Thin Solid Films 450: 276-281.    

22. Grosso D, Cagnol F, Soler-Illia G, et al. (2004) Fundamentals of mesostructuring through Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly. Adv Funct Mater 14: 309-322.    

23. Crepaldi EL, Soler-Illia GJdAA, Grosso D, et al. (2003) Controlled formation of highly organized mesoporous titania thin films: From mesostructured hybrids to mesoporous nanoanatase TiO2. J Am Chem Soc 125: 9770-9786.    

24. Wang C-C, Ying JY (1999) Sol-Gel synthesis and hydrothermal processing of anatase and rutile titania nanocrystals. Chem Mater 11: 3113-3120.    

25. Yanagisawa K, Ovenstone J (1999) Crystallization of anatase from amorphous titania using the hydrothermal technique: Effects of starting material and temperature. J Phys Chem B 103: 7781-7787.    

26. Kruk M, Jaroniec M (2001) Gas adsorption characterization of ordered organic-inorganic nanocomposite materials. Chem Mater 13: 3169-3183.    

Copyright Info: © 2015, Ranjit T. Koodali, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Article outline

Show full outline
Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved