Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Integration of UV-cured Ionogel Electrolyte with Carbon Paper Electrodes

Department of Chemical & Biological Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA

A test bed with a coplanar architecture is employed to investigate the integration of an in situ cross-linked, polymer-supported ionogel with several commercially available, high surface area carbon paper electrodes. Specifically, a UV-cured poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA)-supported ionogel electrolyte film is formed in situ against a variety of porous electrodes comprising: a carbon fiber paper, a carbon aerogel paper, and four carbon nanotube-based papers. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements reveal that the relative performance of a particular carbon paper with the neat ionic liquid is not necessarily indicative of its behavior when integrated with the solid ionogel electrolyte. The coplanar test bed can therefore serve as a useful tool to help guide the selection of suitable carbon-based electrode structures for supercapacitors that incorporate UV-cured ionogels created in situ for wearable energy storage applications.
  Article Metrics


1. Kaempgen M, Chan CK, Ma J, et al. (2009) Printable thin film supercapacitors using single-walled carbon nanotubes. Nano Lett 9: 1872-1876.    

2. Le Bideau J, Viau L, Vioux A. (2011) Ionogels, ionic liquid based hybrid materials. Chem Soc Rev 40: 907-925.    

3. Sung J-H, Kim S-J, Lee K-H. (2004) Fabrication of all-solid-state electrochemical microcapacitors. J Power Sources 133: 312-319.    

4. Sung J-H, Kim S-J, Jeong S-H, et al. (2006) Flexible micro-supercapacitors. J Power Sources162: 1467-1470.

5. Stępniak I, Andrzejewska E. (2009) Highly conductive ionic liquid based ternary polymer electrolytes obtained by in situ photopolymerisation. Electrochim Acta 54: 5660-5665.    

6. Visentin AF, Panzer MJ. (2012) Poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate-supported ionogels with consistent capacitive behavior and tunable elastic response. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:2836-2839.    

7. Yang C-M, Ju JB, Lee JK, et al. (2005) Electrochemical performances of electric double layer capacitor with UV-cured gel polymer electrolyte based on poly[(ethylene glycol)diacrylate]-poly(vinylidene fluoride) blend. Electrochim Acta 50: 1813-1819.    

8. Meng C, Liu C, Chen L, et al. (2010) Highly flexible and all-solid-state paperlike polymer supercapacitors. Nano Lett 10: 4025-4031.    

9. Choi BG, Hong J, Hong WH, et al. (2011) Facilitated ion transport in all-solid-state flexible supercapacitors. ACS Nano 5: 7205-7213.    

10.Hu S, Rajamani R, Yu X. (2012) Flexible solid-state paper based carbon nanotube supercapacitor. Appl Phys Lett 100: 104103.    

11. Kang YJ, Chung H, Han C-H, et al. (2012) All-solid-state flexible supercapacitors based on papers coated with carbon nanotubes and ionic-liquid-based gel electrolytes. Nanotechnology 23:065401.    

12. Jung HY, Karimi MB, Hahm MG, et al. (2012) Transparent, flexible supercapacitors from nano-engineered carbon films. Sci Rep 2: 773.

13. Pech D, Brunet M, Durou H, et al. (2010) Ultrahigh-power micrometre-sized supercapacitors based on onion-like carbon. Nature Nanotech 5: 651-654.    

14. El-Kady MF, Kaner RB. (2013) Scalable fabrication of high-power graphene micro-supercapacitors for flexible and on-chip energy storage. Nature Commun 4: 1475.    

15. Zhai Y, Dou Y, Zhao D, et al. (2011) Carbon materials for chemical capacitive energy storage. Adv Mater 23: 4828-4850.    

16. Liu C, Yu Z, Neff D, et al. (2010) Graphene-based supercapacitor with an ultrahigh energy density. Nano Lett 10: 4863-4868.    

17. Gallego AKC, Rincon ME. (2006) Carbon nanofiber and PEDOT-PSS bilayer systems as electrodes for symmetric and asymmetric electrochemical capacitor cells. J Power Sources 162:743-747.    

18. Yang X, Zhu J, Qiu L, et al. (2011) Bioinspired effective prevention of restacking in multilayered graphene films: towards the next generation of high-performance supercapacitors. Adv Mater 23:2833-2838.    

19. Hulicova-Jurcakova D, Seredych M, Lu GQ, et al. (2009) Combined effect of nitrogen- and oxygen-containing functional groups of microporous activated carbon on its electrochemical performance in supercapacitors. Adv Funct Mater 19: 438-447.    

20. Gou J, Tang Y, Liang F, et al. (2010) Carbon nanofiber paper for lightning strike protection of composite materials. Composites: Part B 41: 192-198.

Copyright Info: © 2014, Matthew J. Panzer, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Article outline

Show full outline
Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved