Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

“Models in Meteorology and Climatology” Fifty Years on

Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Geography, National Snow and Ice Data Center, CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309

A review is presented of contributions made by the author and graduate students over the fifty years since the publication of a chapter on “Models in meteorology and climatology” by the author in 1967. Advances in the applications of general circulation models, remote sensing, and climate change and paleoclimatology are briefly described in the context of the development of climate science. Publication of the first use of a GCM to simulate Ice Age climate is noted. The application of optical and passive microwave remote sensing to mapping snow cover, glaciers, sea ice and frozen ground are discussed. Our focus was particularly on Arctic conditions. Many of the algorithms were developed in association with the National Snow and Ice Data Center that the author directed from 1976 to 2008.
  Article Metrics

Keywords Models; remote sensing; climate change

Citation: Roger G. Barry. “Models in Meteorology and Climatology” Fifty Years on. AIMS Geosciences, 2017, 3(4): 552-560. doi: 10.3934/geosci.2017.4.552


  • 1. Barry RG (1967) Models in meteorology and climatology, In Haggett, P. and Chorley, R.J. (eds.) Models in geography. London, Methuen, 97-144.
  • 2. Barry RG, Chorley RJ (2010) Atmosphere, weather and climate. 9th edn. London: Routledge. 435.
  • 3. Barry RG (2015) The shaping of climate science: Half a century in personal perspective. Hist Geo Spat Sci 6: 87-105.    
  • 4. Kasahara A, Washington WM (1967) NCAR Global General Circulation Model of the atmosphere. Mon Wea Rev 94: 389-402.
  • 5. Williams J, Barry RG, Washington WM (1974) Simulation of the atmospheric circulation using the NCAR Global Circulation Model with Ice Age boundary conditions. J Appl Met 13: 305-317.    
  • 6. Williams J (1975) The influence of snow-cover on the atmospheric circulation and its role in climatic change: An analysis based on results from the NCAR global circulation model. J Appl Met 14: 137-152.    
  • 7. Barry RG (1975) Climate models in paleoclimatic reconstruction. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 17: 123-137.    
  • 8. Meehl GA, Stocker T, Collins WD, et al. (2007) Global climate projections. In Solomon, S. and Qin,D-H. (eds). Climate change Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chapter 10.
  • 9. Crane RG, Barry RG (1988) Comparison of the MSL synoptic pressure patterns of the Arctic as observed and simulated the GISS general circulation model. Met Amos Phys 39: 169-183.    
  • 10. Barry RG, Carleton AM (2001) Dynamic and synoptic climatology. London: Routledge. 161-166.
  • 11. Barry RG (1997) Cryospheric data for model validations: requirements and status. Ann Glaciol 25: 371-375.    
  • 12. Marshall S, Roads J, Barry RG (2009) Cryosphere models. In R. A. Meyers (ed.-in-chief), Encyclopedia of complexity and system science. Dordrecht: Springer, 2: 1704-1718.
  • 13. Serreze MC, Barry RG (2005) The Arctic climate system. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 385.
  • 14. Serreze MC, Barry RG (2014) The Arctic climate system, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 404.
  • 15. Barry RG, Williams LD, Andrews JT (1972) Application of computed global radiation for areas of high relief. J Appl Met 11: 526-533.    
  • 16. Barry RG (1978) Diurnal effects on topoclimate on an equatorial mountain. Arbeiten der Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (Vienna), Publ. 32: 1-8.
  • 17. LeDrew EF (1975) The estimation of clear sky atmospheric emittance at high altitudes. Arct Alp Res 7: 227-236.    
  • 18. Marshall S, Roads JO, Glatzmeier G (1994) Snow hydrology in a general circulation model. J Climate 7: 1251-1269.    
  • 19. Morassutti MP (1989) Surface albedo parameterization in sea-ice models. Progress Phys Geog 13: 348-366.    
  • 20. Hay LE, McCabe GJ (1998) Verification of the Rhea-Orographic-Precipitation Model. J Amer Water Resour Assoc 34: 103-111.    
  • 21. Barry RG, Moritz RE, Rogers JC (1979) The fast ice regimes of the Beaufort and Chukchi Sea coasts, Alaska. Cold Regions Sci Technol 1: 129-152.    
  • 22. Carleton AM (1979) A synoptic climatology of satellite observed extratropical cyclone activity for the Southern Hemisphere winter. Archiv Met Geophys Bioklim B27: 265-279.
  • 23. Carleton AM (1981) Monthly variability of satellite derived cyclone activity for the Southern Hemisphere. J Climatol 1: 21-28.    
  • 24. Robinson DA, Scharfen G, Barry RG, et al. (1987) Analysis of interannual variations of snow melt on Arctic sea ice mapped from meteorological satellite imagery. In: B.E. Goodison, R.G. Barry and J. Dozier, (eds)., Large-Scale Effects of Seasonal Snow Cover. IAHS Publ No 166, Wallingford, UK: 315-327.
  • 25. Barry RG, Crane RG, Schweiger A, et al. (2010) Arctic cloudiness in spring from satellite imagery. Int J Climatol 7: 423-451.
  • 26. McGuffie K, Barry RG, Schweiger A, et al. (1988) Intercomparisons of satellite-derived cloud analyses for the Arctic Ocean in spring and summer. Int J Remote Sens 9: 447-467.    
  • 27. Barry RG, Scharfen GR, Knowles KW, et al. (1994) Global distribution of lightning mapped for night-time visible band DMSP satellite data. Révue Generale d'Électricité. 6: 13-16.
  • 28. Key JR, Barry RG (1989) Cloud cover analysis with Arctic AVHRR data: cloud detection. J Geophys Res 94: 18521-18535.    
  • 29. Key JR, Maslanik JA, Barry RG (1989) Cloud classification from satellite data using fuzzy set algorithms: a polar example. Int J Remote Sens 10: 1823-1842.    
  • 30. Crane RG, Barry RG, Zwally HJ (1982) Analysis of atmosphere-sea ice interactions in the Arctic Basin using ESMR microwave data. Int J Rem Sens 3: 259-276.    
  • 31. Anderson MR, Crane RG, Barry RG (1985) Characteristics of Arctic Ocean ice determined from SMMR data for 1979: Case studies in the seasonal sea ice zone. In: G. Ohring and H.J. Bolle (eds)., Advances in Space Research, Space observations for climate studies. 5: 257-261.
  • 32. Schweiger AJ, Armstrong R, Barry RG (1987) Snow cover parameter retrieval from various data sources in the Federal Republic of Germany. In: B.E. Goodison, R.G. Barry, J. Dozier (eds)., Large-Scale Effects of Seasonal Snow Cover. IAHS Publ. No. 166, Wallingford, UK: IAHS Press. 353-3-64.
  • 33. Barry RG, Maslanik JA (1989) Arctic sea ice characteristics and associated atmosphere-ice interactions in summer inferred from SMMR data and drifting buoys: 1979 to 1985. Geo J 18: 35-44.
  • 34. Maslanik JA, Key JR, Barry RG (1989) Merging AVHRR and SMMR data for remote sensing of ice and cloud in polar regions. Internat J Rem Sens 10: 1691-1696.    
  • 35. McLaren AS (1989) The under-ice thickness distribution of the Arctic Basin as recorded in 1958 and 1970. J Geophys Res 94: 4971-4983.    
  • 36. McLaren AS, Barry RG, Bourke RH (1990) Could Arctic ice be thinning? Nature 345: 762.    
  • 37. Key JR, McLaren AS (1989) Periodicities and keel spacing in the under-ice draft of the Canada Basin recorded by the USS Queenfish August 1970. Cold Regions Sci Technol 16: 1-10.
  • 38. Serreze MC, Barry RG, McLaren AS (1989) Seasonal variations in sea ice motion and effects on sea ice concentrations in the Canada Basin. J Geophys Res 94: 10955-10997.    
  • 39. Serreze MC, McLaren AS, Barry RG (1990) Seasonal variations of sea ice motion in the Transpolar Drift Stream. Geophys Res Lett 16: 811-814.
  • 40. Miles MW, Barry RG (1998) A 5-year satellite climatology of winter sea ice leads in the western Arctic. J Geophys Res 103: 21723-21734.    
  • 41. Schnell RC, Barry RG, Miles MW, et al. (1989) Lidar detection of leads in Arctic sea ice. Nature 339: 530-532.    
  • 42. Tait A (1998) Estimation of snow water equivalent using passive microwave radiation data. Remote Sens Environ 64: 286-291.    
  • 43. Tait AB, Hall DK, Foster JL, et al. (2000) Utilizing multiple data sets for snow-cover mapping. Remote Sens Environ 72: 111-126.    
  • 44. Serreze MC, Barry RG (2011) Processes and impacts of Arctic amplification: A research synthesis. Global Planet Change 77: 85-96.    
  • 45. Weatherhead EC, Gearheard S, Barry RG (2010) Changes in weather persistence: insight from Inuit knowledge. Global Environ Change 20: 523-528.    
  • 46. Armstrong RL, Brodzik MJ (2002) Hemispheric-scale comparison and evaluation of passive microwave snow algorithms. Annal Glaciol 34: 38-44.    
  • 47. Armstrong RL, Brodzik MJ (1995) An earth-gridded SSM/I data set for cryospheric studies and global change monitoring. Adv Space Res 10: 155-163.
  • 48. Zhang T, Barry RG, Armstrong RL (2004) Application of satellite remote sensing techniques to frozen ground studies. Polar Geog 28: 163-196.    
  • 49. Barry RG (2014) Cryosphere, measurements and application. In E. Njoku (ed), Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing. Dordrecht: Springer, 104-118.
  • 50. Barry RG, Gan TY (2011) The global cryosphere: Past, present and future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 477.
  • 51. Barry RG (2017) The Arctic cryosphere in the 21st century. Geog Rev 107: 69-88.    
  • 52. Barry RG (1973) A climatological transect on the east slope of the Front Range, Colorado. Arct Alp Res 5: 89-110.    
  • 53. Bradley RS (1976) Precipitation History of the Rocky Mountain States. Boulder: Westview Press.
  • 54. Bradley RS, Barry RG (1973) Secular climatic fluctuations in southwestern Colorado. Mon Wea Rev 101: 264-270.    
  • 55. Bradley RS (1985) Quaternary paleoclimatology: Methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction. London: Chapman and Hall.
  • 56. Diaz HF, Barry RG, Kiladis GN (1982) Climatic characteristics of Pike's Peak, Colorado (1874 to 1888) and comparisons with other Colorado stations. Mountain Res Devel 2: 359-367.
  • 57. Kiladis GN, Diaz HF (1989) Global climate anomalies associated with extremes in the Southern Oscillation. J Clim 2: 1069-1090.    
  • 58. Diaz HF, Markgraf V (eds) (1992) El Niño: Historical and paleoclimatic aspects of the Southern Oscillation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • 59. Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler, et al. (1996) The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull Amer Met Soc 77: 437-472.    


Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2017, Roger G. Barry, licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved