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Crude oil degradation potential of bacteria isolated from oil-polluted soil and animal wastes in soil amended with animal wastes

1 Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Nigeria
2 Department of Microbiology, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Topical Section: Pollution, Control & Remediation

The influence of animal wastes on crude oil degradation potential of strains of Proteus vulgaris and Bacillus subtilis isolated from animal wastes (poultry and pig droppings) and petroleum-polluted soil was compared in laboratory studies. Both bacterial strains were selected for high crude oil degradation ability after screening many isolates by the 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol method. Analyses by gas chromatography (GC) showed that degradation of crude oil was markedly enhanced (88.3–97.3% vs 72.1–78.8%) in soil amended with animal wastes as indicated by the reduction of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH). TPH reduction by animal waste bacterial strains in animal waste-amended soil was more than the reduction by strains from soil contaminated with petroleum (P < 0.001). The greatest reduction of TPH (96.6–97.3% vs 80.4–95.9%) was by poultry waste strains and it occurred in soil amended with poultry waste. GC analyses of n-alkanes showed that although shorter chains were preferentially degraded [32.0–78.5% (C8–23) vs 6.3–18.5% (C24–36)] in normal soil, biodegradation of longer chains increased to 38.4–46.3% in animal waste-amended soil inoculated with the same animal wastes’ strains. The results indicate that these animal waste strains may be of potential application for bioremediation of oil-polluted soil in the presence of the wastes from where they were isolated.
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