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Revitalizing urban waterfronts: identifying indicators for human well-being

1 Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
2 Washington Sea Grant, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
3 Department of Urban Design and Planning, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
4 School of Marine and Environmental Affairs, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
5 Korea Maritime Institute, Mapo-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Special Issues: Marine and Coastal Ecosystems

Waterfront cities worldwide have begun the process of regenerating and developing their formerly industrial waterfronts into land uses that reflect a post-industrial economic vision of mixed urban uses supporting a diverse economy and wide range of infrastructure. These revitalization projects require distinct planning and management tactics to determine project-defined successes inclusive of economic, ecological, and human well-being perspectives. While empirically developed templates for economic and ecological measures exist, the multi-dimensionality and subjective nature of human well-being is more difficult to assess. Through an extensive review of indicator frameworks and expert interviews, our research proposes an organizational, yet adaptable, human well-being indicators framework for the management and development of urban waterfront revitalization projects. We analyze the framework through the lens of two waterfront projects in the Puget Sound region of the United States and identify several key factors necessary to developing project-specific human well-being indicator frameworks for urban waterfront revitalization projects. These factors include: initially specify goals and objectives of a given project, acknowledge contextual conditions including prospective land uses and projected users, identify the stage of development or management to use appropriate indicators for that stage, and develop and utilize data sources that are at a similar scale to the size of the project.
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Keywords urban waterfront revitalization; human well-being; indicators; framework; design and management

Citation: Ken P. Yocom, Leann Andrews, Nicole Faghin, Karen Dyson, Thomas Leschine, Jungho Nam. Revitalizing urban waterfronts: identifying indicators for human well-being. AIMS Environmental Science, 2016, 3(3): 456-473. doi: 10.3934/environsci.2016.3.456


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Copyright Info: 2016, Ken P. Yocom, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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