Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Establishing the rationale for green infrastructure investment in Indian cities: is the mainstreaming of urban greening an expanding or diminishing reality?

Department of Geography & Planning, University of Liverpool, Gordon Stephenson Building, Liverpool, L69 7ZQ, UK

Special Issues: Urban Greening for Low Carbon Cities

Green infrastructure planning in India has the potential to rationalise current development issues relating to economic growth and rapid urban expansion. Independence from the British facilitated progressive shift to an economically driven development based on modernisation and partial-deregulation of infrastructure provision. The impact of this process has been a decoupling of human-environmental approaches to urban planning and reliance on the utilisation of landscape resources beyond their capacity. Utilising a discussion of Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives to urban development, this paper argues that whilst both approaches offer valuable mechanism for growth, an integrated analysis which links them provides a more responsive and effective structure for planning to deliver change. Green infrastructure approaches to urban investment are proposed in this paper to create equilibrium between the difficulties of balancing economic growth with sustainable urban development. Through an evaluation of state and alternative investment drivers this paper proposes that urban greening can form a mainstream framework to facilitate a sustainable approach to urban expansion. The paper concludes by stating that approaching investments in green infrastructure through an understanding of a state-interactions provides scope to plan economic development and ecological sustainably effectively.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords green infrastructure; urban development; Indian cities; state-relational frameworks; urban expansion

Citation: Ian C. Mell. Establishing the rationale for green infrastructure investment in Indian cities: is the mainstreaming of urban greening an expanding or diminishing reality?. AIMS Environmental Science, 2015, 2(2): 134-153. doi: 10.3934/environsci.2015.2.134

References

  • 1. Sankhe S, Vittal I, Dobbs R, et al., India’s Urban Awakening: Building inclusive cities, sustaining economic growth. McKinsey Global Institute, 2010. Available from: http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/urbanization/urban_awakening_in_india.
  • 2. Hall P (2002) Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century, 3rd Edition. Blackwell, Saffron Waldon.
  • 3. Keivani R (2010) A review of the main challenges to urban sustainability. Int J Urban Sustain Dev1: 5-16.
  • 4. Vidyarthi S, Hoch C, Basmajian C (2013) Making sense of India’s spatial plan-making practice: Enduring approach or emergent variations? Plan Theory Pract 14: 57-74.    
  • 5. Roy A (2009) Why India Cannot Plan Its Cities: Informality, Insurgence and the Idiom of Urbanization. Plan Theory 8: 76-87.    
  • 6. Siemens AG (2011) Asian Green City Index: Assessing the environmental performance of Asia’s major cities. Munich.
  • 7. Benedict MA, McMahon ET (2006) Green Infrastructure: Linking Landscapes and Communities, Urban Land, Conservation Fund (Arlington, Va.). Island Press, Washington DC.
  • 8. Mell IC (2010) Green infrastructure: concepts, perceptions and its use in spatial planning. University of Newcastle.
  • 9. Boyle C, Gamage G, Burns B, et al. (2013) Greening Cities: A Review of Green Infrastructure. Auckland.
  • 10. Chaturvedi A, Kamble R, Patil NG, et al. (2013) City-forest relationship in Nagpur: One of the greenest cities of India. Urban For Urban Green 12: 79-87.    
  • 11. Lerner J, Allen WL (2012) Landscape-Scale Green Infrastructure Investments as a Climate Adaptation Strategy: A Case Example for the Midwest United States. Environ Pract 14: 45-56.    
  • 12. Mell IC (2009) Can green infrastructure promote urban sustainability? Proc ICE - Eng Sustain162: 23-34.
  • 13. Schilling J, Logan J (2008) Greening the Rust Belt: A Green Infrastructure Model for Right Sizing America’s Shrinking Cities. J Am Plan Assoc 74: 451-466.    
  • 14. Tzoulas K, Korpela K, Venn S, et al. (2007) Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using Green Infrastructure: A literature review. Landsc Urban Plan 81: 167-178.    
  • 15. Nagendra H, Nagendran S, Paul S, et al. (2012) Graying, greening and fragmentation in the rapidly expanding Indian city of Bangalore. Landsc Urban Plan 105: 400-406.    
  • 16. Jessop B (1990) State Theory: Putting Capitalist States in Their Place. Polity Press, Cambridge.
  • 17. Mazumdar S (2009) The Nehruvian Paradign and Capatalist Industrialisation in India: Retrospect and Prospect. Contemp Perspect 3: 337-350.
  • 18. Town and Country Planning Organisation, Government of India: Ministry of Urban Development, Urban Greening Guidelines 2014. 2014. Available from: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/urban%20green%20guidelines%202014.pdf.
  • 19. Datta A (2012) India’s ecocity? Environment, urbanisation, and mobility in the making of Lavasa. Environ Plan C Gov Policy 30: 982-996.
  • 20. Das AK (2007) Urban Planning in India. Rawat Publishing, Jaipur.
  • 21. Rao MG, Bird RM (2010) Urban Governance and Finance in India Working Paper No. 2010-68 National Institute of Public Finance and Policy Urban Governance and Finance in India and. New Delhi.
  • 22. Asian Development Bank (2012) Green Urbanization in Asia: Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012, 43rd Edition. Mandaluyong City, Philippines.
  • 23. Mell IC (2013) Managing India’s urban green spaces: Translating global Green Infrastructure lessons to Indian cities. urbaNature 14-17.
  • 24. Kundu A (2001) Institutional innovations for urban infrastructural development: The Indian scenario. Dev Pract 11: 174-189.    
  • 25. Meenatchi Sundaram A (2010) Urban green-cover and the environmental performance of Chennai city. Environ Dev Sustain 13: 107-119.
  • 26. Kalia R (2006) Modernism, modernization and postcolonial India: A reflective essay. Plan Perspect 21: 133-156.    
  • 27. Prakash G (2000) Writing post colonial histories of the Third World: Perspectives from Indian hisotiography, in: Chaturvedi, V. (Ed.), Mapping Subaltern Studies and the Postcolonial. Verson, London, 163-190.
  • 28. Drèze J, Sen A (2013) An Uncertain Glory: India and its Contradictions. Allen Lane, London.
  • 29. Kalia R (1994) Bhubaneswar: From a Temple Town to a Capital City. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale & Edwardsville.
  • 30. Kalia R (2004) Gandhinagar: Building National Identity in Postcolonial India. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina.
  • 31. De D (2014) Nehruvian vision of sustainable development for tribals in India: A crituqe. South Asia Re. 34: 1-18.    
  • 32. Shatkin G (2014) Contesting the Indian City: Global Visions and the Politics of the Local. Int J Urban Reg Res 38: 1-13.    
  • 33. Bhan G (2009) “This is no longer the city I once knew”. Evictions, the urban poor and the right to the city in millennial Delhi. Environ Urban 21: 127-142.
  • 34. Fernandes L (2004) The politics of forgetting: class politics, state power and the restructuring of urban space in India. Urban Stud 41: 2415-2430.    
  • 35. McKenzie D, Ray I (2009) Urban water supply in India: status, reform options and possible lessons. Water Policy 11: 442-460.    
  • 36. Mell IC, Henneberry J, Hehl-Lange S, et al. (2013) Promoting urban greening: Valuing the development of green infrastructure investments in the urban core of Manchester, UK. Urban For Urban Green 12: 296-306.    
  • 37. Drakakis-Smith D (1995) Third World Cities: Sustainable Urban Development, 1. Urban Stud 32:659-677.    
  • 38. Hansen R, Pauleit S (2014) From multifunctionality to multiple ecosystem services? A conceptual framework for multifunctionality in green infrastructure planning for urban areas. Ambio 43:516-29.
  • 39. Schäffler A, Swilling M (2012) Valuing Green Infrastructure in an Urban Environment Under Pressure—The Johannesburg Case. Ecol Econ 86: 246-257.
  • 40. Ramalho CE, Hobbs RJ (2012) Time for a change: dynamic urban ecology. Trends Ecol Evol 27:179-188.    
  • 41. Nagendra H, Gopal D (2010) Street trees in Bangalore: Density, diversity, composition and distribution. Urban For. Urban Green 9: 129-137.    
  • 42. Triguero-Mas M, Olomí-Solà M, Jha N, et al. (2010) Urban and rural perceptions of protected areas: a case study in Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, India. Environ Conserv 36:208-217.
  • 43. Soares AL, Rego FC, McPherson EG, et al. (2011) Benefits and costs of street trees in Lisbon, Portugal. Urban For Urban Green 10: 69-78    
  • 44. Mazza L, Bennett G, De Nocker L, et al. (2011) Green Infrastructure Implementation and Efficiency, Final report for the European Commission DG Environment on Contract ENVB2SER20100059. Institute for European Environmental Policy.
  • 45. Zérah M (2007) Conflict between green space preservation and housing needs: The case of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai. Cities 24: 122-132.    
  • 46. Rahman A, Kumar S, Fazal S, et al. (2012) Assessment of Land use/land cover Change in the North-West District of Delhi Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 40: 689-697.    
  • 47. Baviskar A (2011) What the Eye Does Not See: The Yamuna in the Imagination of Delhi. Econ Polit Wkly. 46: 45-53.
  • 48. Delhi Development Authority (2007) Master Plan for Delhi 2021. New Delhi.
  • 49. Adhvaryu B (2011) Analysing evolution of urban spatial structure: a case study of Ahmedabad, India. Environ Plan B Plan Des 38: 850-863.    
  • 50. Williams K (2010) Sustainable cities: research and practice challenges. Int J Urban Sustain Dev 1:128-132.
  • 51. Bowonder B (1986) Environmental management problems in India. Environ Manage 10:599-609.    
  • 52. Baud I, Dhanalakshmi R (2007) Governance in urban environmental management: Comparing accountability and performance in multi-stakeholder arrangements in South India. Cities 24:133-147.    
  • 53. Mookherjee D, White J (2011) Urban-regional dualism in India: an exploration of developmental indicators across urban size classes. Asian Geogr 28: 21-31.    
  • 54. Sridhar KS (2007) Impact of Land Use Regulations: Evidence from India’s Cities. New Delhi.
  • 55. Mell IC, Patel S, Bandyopadhyay S (2014) Smart Cities: The application of innovative approaches to urban development in India. HUDCO J - SHLETER 15: 77-88.
  • 56. Manthur N (2012) On the Sabarmati Riverfront: Urban Planning as Totalitarian Government in Ahmedabad. Econ Polit Wkly 47: 64-75.
  • 57. Pradhan A, Do we really need Gujarat’s Sabramati model?. India Together, 2014. Available from: http://indiatogether.org/gujarat-sabarmati-riverfront-development-model-for-ganga-yamuna-envi ronment (accessed 2.17.15).
  • 58. Chatterji T (2013) The Micro-Politics of Urban Transformation in the Context of Globalisation: A Case Study of Gurgaon, India. South Asia J South Asian Stud 36: 273-287.
  • 59. Watson V (2009) “The planned city sweeps the poor away…”: Urban planning and 21st century urbanisation. Prog Plann 72: 151-193.    
  • 60. Narain V (2009) Growing city, shrinking hinterland: land acquisition, transition and conflict in peri-urban Gurgaon, India. Environ Urban 21: 501-512.    
  • 61. Guy S, Marvin S (1999) Understanding sustainable cities: competing urban futures. Eur Urban Reg Stud 6: 268-275.    

 

This article has been cited by

  • 1. Mary Thornbush, Urban greening for low carbon cities—introduction to the special issue, AIMS Environmental Science, 2016, 3, 1, 133, 10.3934/environsci.2016.1.133
  • 2. Nicola Dempsey, Smriti Rabina Jayaraj, Emily Redmond, There’s always the river: social and environmental equity in rapidly urbanising landscapes in India, Landscape Research, 2017, 1, 10.1080/01426397.2017.1315389
  • 3. Ian C. Mell, Greening Ahmedabad—creating a resilient Indian city using a green infrastructure approach to investment, Landscape Research, 2017, 1, 10.1080/01426397.2017.1314452

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2015, Ian C. Mell, licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved