Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

An equivalent photovoltaic solar system to solve the problems of electricity in Iraqi houses

1 Baqubah Technical Institute, Middle Technical University (MTU), Baghdad, Iraq
2 Tehnical Engineering Collage, Middle Technical University (MTU), Baghdad, Iraq

Special Issues: Solar Photovoltaic System Engineering

Since 1991, Iraqi society suffers from the lack of electricity power because of an economic embargo imposed from 1991 to 2003 and the mismanagement that hit Iraq after its occupation in 2003. These reasons were leaded to major problems in the power plants and their transmission lines which led to insufficient power generation. To meet this problem, the Iraqi families were tended to use two types of generators (neighborhood and household generators) as alternative sources for compensating the lack of electricity. In this study, a 3 kW photovoltaic (PV) solar system was proposed to use the solar energy in Iraqi houses. An economic feasibility analysis by calculating the life cycle cost was investigated to compare the cost of PV system with the two alternatives sources of generators. At current market price of PV panels (700 IQD/W), a 3 kW PV system has the ability to supply the Iraqi house with electrical energy in total cost about (4,386,366 IQD ≈ 3655 USA$) for five years. The life cycle cost of PV system was investigated about 12.27% less than the two generators cost. Therefore, PV system is more economic in Iraqi houses under the deterioration in the electricity sector. Furthermore, the PV solar not pollutes the environment as the case of using generators.
  Article Metrics

Keywords PV; solar; economic; feasibility; life cost

Citation: Abdulrahman Th. Mohammad, Amer Ibrahim Ismael. An equivalent photovoltaic solar system to solve the problems of electricity in Iraqi houses. AIMS Energy, 2019, 7(5): 660-670. doi: 10.3934/energy.2019.5.660


  • 1. Nawaz I, Tiwari GN (2006) Embodied energy analysis of photovoltaic (PV) system based on macro- and micro-level. Energy Policy 34: 3144-3152.    
  • 2. Pearce JM (2002) Photovoltaics-a path to sustainable futures. Futures 34: 663-674.    
  • 3. Sharma R, Goel S (2017) Performance analysis of a 11.2 kWp roof top grid-connected PV system in Eastern India. Energy Rep 3: 76-84.
  • 4. Ghiani E, Pilo F, Cossu S (2013) Evaluation of photovoltaic installations performances in Sardinia. Energy Convers Manage 76: 1134-1142.    
  • 5. Hajjaj C, Merrouni AA, Bouaichi A, et al. (2018) Evaluation, comparison and experimental validation of different PV power prediction models under semi-arid climate. Energy Convers Manage 173: 476-488.    
  • 6. Ismail OS, Ajide OO, Akingbesote F (2012) Performance assessment of installed solar PV system: A case study of Oke-Agunla in Nigeria. Engineering 4: 453-458.    
  • 7. Ayompe LM, Duffy A, McCormack SJ, et al. (2011) Measured performance of a 1.72 kW rooftop grid connected photovoltaic system in Ireland. Energy Convers Manage 52: 816-825.
  • 8. Murphy F, McDonnell K (2017) A feasibility assessment of photovoltaic power systems in Ireland; a case study for the Dublin Region. Sustainability 9: 1-14.
  • 9. Li Y, Gao W, Ruan Y (2018) Performance investigation of grid-connected residential PV-battery system focusing on enhancing self-consumption and peak shaving in Kyushu, Japan. Renewable Energy 127: 514-523,    
  • 10. Rodrigues S, Torabikalaki R, Faria F, et al. (2016) Economic feasibility analysis of small scale PV systems in different countries. Sol Energy 131: 81-95.    
  • 11. Lee J, Chang B, Aktas C, et al. (2016) Economic feasibility of campus-wide photovoltaic systems in New England. Renewable Energy 99: 452-464.    
  • 12. Mahmoud MM, Ibrik IH (2006) Techno-economic feasibility of energy supply of remote villages in Palestine by PV-systems, diesel generators and electric grid. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev 10: 128-138.    
  • 13. Akel A, Mahmoud M, Shabaneh R (1996) Renewable energy assessment for Palestine (solar and wind). Palestinian Energy Environ Res Cent.
  • 14. Al-Salihi AM, Kadum MM, Mohammed AJ (2010) Estimation of global solar radiation on horizontal surface using routine meteorological measurements for different cities in Iraq. Asian J Sci Res 3: 240-248.    
  • 15. Kebede KY (2015) Viability study of grid-connected solar PV system in Ethiopia. Sustainable Energy Technol Assess 10: 63-70.    
  • 16. How to design solar pv system-guide for sizing your solar photovoltaic system. Available from: http://www.leonics.com/support/article2_12j/articles2_12j_en.php.
  • 17. Messenger R, Ventre J (2000) Photovoltaic Systems Engineering. CRC Press LLC: Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
  • 18. Ajan CW, Ahmed SS, Ahmad HB, et al. (2003) On the policy of photovoltaic and diesel generation mix for an off-grid site: East Malaysian perspectives. Sol Energy 74: 453-467.    


Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2019 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved