Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

A study of plastic waste management effectiveness in Indonesia industries

1 Industrial Engineering Department, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl Ganeca No. 10, Bandung, Indonesia
2 Engineering Management Department, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl Ganeca No. 10, Bandung, Indonesia

Special Issues: Industrial symbiosis: waste management practices within industries for sustainable environment

Waste management in Indonesia is less effective. According to Indonesia Statistics in 2016, the population in Indonesia reached 261,115,456 people and produced 65,200,000 tons of waste per year. Additionally, the growth of economy has an impact in industrial establishment. The activitity of industries lead to the increase of waste production. From the total waste piles, 85,000 tons per year are plastic waste. The waste pile will increase along with the projected increase in population and industrial growth. The considerable amount of plastic waste in Indonesia will be dangerous for the environment. Therefore, a strategy is needed to prevent the increasing amount of plastic waste in Indonesia. This study is conducted to determine the appropriate strategy to be done by identifying the type of plastic waste in Indonesia, mapping the flow of plastic distribution to become waste, and knowing the existing process of plastic waste management. A large number of plastic waste produce toxic substances swhich has to be handled properly. The root problem of the accumulation of plastic waste in Indonesia is the absence of an effective system in treating plastic waste. The result of this study is a solution that can be applied in order to reduce the accumulation of plastic waste in Indonesia by having industries across country to implement a sustainable system . Industries across Indonesia are expected to work together by creating and implementing a plastic waste management systems using a reverse logistics systems where plastic waste is returned to the factories that produce it. Afterwards, factories will manage the plastic waste by recycling and reusing them.
  Article Metrics

Keywords Waste management strategy; plastics; sustainability; analytical hierarchial process

Citation: Yosi Agustina Hidayat, Saskia Kiranamahsa, Muchammad Arya Zamal. A study of plastic waste management effectiveness in Indonesia industries. AIMS Energy, 2019, 7(3): 350-370. doi: 10.3934/energy.2019.3.350


  • 1. Statistics Indonesia (2017) Number of large medium-sized industrial companies according to sub-sector (2 digits KBLI), 2000–2015 . Available from: https://www.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2015/09/14/896/jumlah-perusahaan-industri-besar-sedang-menurut-subsektor-2-digit-kbli-2000-2015.html.
  • 2. Sulistyowati. (2018) Greening business: Ministry of environment of Indonesia. Available from: http://www.menlh.go.id/greening-business/.
  • 3. Everett J (2018) Pollution issues. Available from: http://www.pollutionissues.com/Ve-Z/Waste.html.
  • 4. BBC News Indonesia (2018) When cracked plastic waste is converted into asphalt-making material. Available from: https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/majalah-45584630.
  • 5. Jurnal Asia (2014) Knowing the dangers of plastic waste. Available from: http://www.jurnalasia.com/ragam/mengetahui-bahaya-sampah-plastik/.
  • 6. Wakhyono S (2018) Indonesia number 2 world plastic waste contribution. Available from: https://fajar.co.id/2018/08/21/indonesia-sumbang-sampah-plastik-terbanyak-nomor-2-dunia/.
  • 7. Sherly P (2018) Indonesia penymumbang sampah plastik terbesar kedua sedunia. Available from: https://megapolitan.kompas.com/read/2018/08/19/21151811/indonesia-penyumbang-sampah-plastik-terbesar-kedua-di-dunia.
  • 8. World Economic Forum (2018) The World's plastic problem in number. Available from: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/08/the-world-of-plastics-in-numbers.
  • 9. BBC News Indonesia (2017) Seven diagrams that explain plastic pollution. Avaible from: https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/majalah-42309772.
  • 10. HEC Global Learning Centre (2009) What is sustainability?. Avaible from: https://www.globalfootprints.org/sustainability/.
  • 11. Scott CM (2009) Green economics: An introduction to theory, policy, and practice. Earthscan Publisher, London, 36–37.
  • 12. Mason M (2018) What is sustainability and why is it important?. Avaible from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainability.
  • 13. Padang AC (2017) Types, nature, and function of plastic. Avaible from: https://amanahcengkeh.blogspot.com/2017/01/jenis-jenis-plastik-beserta-sifat-dan.html.
  • 14. Lestari W (2017) The meaning of the code under a plastic bottle that we rarely know. Avaible from: https://www.fispol.com/arti-kode/.
  • 15. Sonntag M. Product distribution strategy: The ultimate guide. Avaible from: https://www.repsly.com/blog/consumer-goods/everything-you-need-to-know-about-product-distribution.
  • 16. SCM Dojo (2018) What is Supply Chain? Avaible from: https://www.scmdojo.com/what-is-supplychain-management-2/.
  • 17. Safeway (2017) Knowing the goods distribution process. Avaible from: http://safeway.co.id/articles/14/mengetahui-proses-distribusi-barang.html.
  • 18. Bowersox DJ, Closs DJ, Cooper MB, et al. (2010) Supply chain logistics management (4th Edition). Mc. Graw Hill, New York.
  • 19. Octa A (2018) Selling distribution. Avaible from: https://distribusipemasaran.com/kenali-lebih-dekat-saluran-distribusi-pemasaran-anda/.
  • 20. Abidin AZ (2018). Plastic waste management: Lost plastic industry. Chemical Engineering. Faculty of Industrial Technology. Institut Teknologi Bandung. Indonesia.
  • 21. Blanco I, Loisi RV, Sica C, et al. (2018) Agricultural plastic waste mapping using GIS: A case study in Italy. Resour conservationa Recylcing 229–242.
  • 22. Rogers DS, Tibben-Lembke RS (1999). Going backwards: Reverse Logistics trends and practices. Reverse Logistics Executive Council, Pittsburgh, P.A.
  • 23. Zaroni (2017) Reverse Logistics. Avaible from: http://supplychainindonesia.com/new/reverse-logistics/.
  • 24. Carver A (2018) Supply chain management Basic: Reverse Logistics. Avaible from: https://www.datexcorp.com/supply-chain-management-basics-reverse-logistics/.
  • 25. Newcastle Systems (2017) The importance of Reverse Logistics in your supply chain. Avaible from: https://www.newcastlesys.com/blog/the-importance-of-reverse-logistics-in-your-supply-chain.
  • 26. Osborne Industries (2017) The difference between thermoplastic and thermosetting plastic. Avaible from: https://www.osborneindustries.com/news/the-difference-between-thermoplastic-and-thermosetting-plastic/.
  • 27. Nizar C (2011) Sanitary landfill system. Avaible from: http://www.ilmusipil.com/sistem-sanitary-landfill.
  • 28. Horodytska O, Valdes FJ, Fullana A (2018) Plastic flexible films waste management–A state of art review. Waste Management 77: 413–425.    
  • 29. Ragaert K, Delva L, Geem KV (2017) Mechanical and chemical recycling of solid plastic waste. Waste Management 69: 24–58.    
  • 30. Sahwan FL, Martono DH, Wahyono S, et al. (2005) Plastic waste management system in Indonesia. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan P3TL BPPT, 6: 311–318.
  • 31. Mwanza BG, Mbohwa C, Telikdarie A (2018) Strategies for the recovery and recycling of Plastic Solid Waste (PSW): A focus on plastic manufacturing companies. Procedia Manuf 21: 686–693.    
  • 32. Zulkifi (2013) Waste management regulation in Indonesia. Avaible from: https://bangazul.com/regulasi-pengelolan-sampah-di-indonesia/.
  • 33. Verma R, Vinoda KS, Papireddy M, et al. (2015) Toxic pollutants from plastic waste–A review. Procedia Environ Sci 35: 701–708.
  • 34. Damanhuri E, Padmi T (2008) Waste landfilling. Avaible from: http://www.kuliah.ftsl.itb.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/bagian-9-tl3104.pdf.
  • 35. Abidin AZ (2017). Plastic pellet making (Afval recycling). Industrial Training Centre. Ministry of Industry of Indonesia.
  • 36. Abidin AZ (2017). Depolimerization of catalitic and non catalytic plastic waste to be fuel oil by using RFCC pertamina catalyst waste. Chemical engineering. Faculty of Industrial Technology. Institut Teknologi Bandung. Indonesia.
  • 37. Bui NK, Satomi T, Takahasi H, (2018) Recycling woven plastic sack waste and PET bottle waste as fiber in recycled aggregate concrete: An experimental study. Waste Management 78: 79–93.    
  • 38. Chanhoun M, Padonou S, Adjovi EC, et al. (2018) Study of the implementation of waste wood, plastics and polystyrenes for various applications in the building industry. Constr Build Mater 167: 936–941.    
  • 39. Statistics Indonesia (2018) Statistik lingkungan hidup Indonesia: Pengelolaan sampah di Indonesia, Catalog 3305001.
  • 40. Statistics Indonesia (2017) Percentage of households by province and treatment of sorting waste is easy to decompose and not easy to decompose. Avaible from: https://www.bps.go.id/statictable/2014/05/02/1360/persentase-rumah-tangga-menurut-provinsi-dan-perlakuan-memilah-sampah-mudah-membusuk-dan-tidak-mudah-membusuk-2013-2014.html.


Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2019 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved