Research article

Textile-based batteries with nanofiber interlayer

  • Received: 13 January 2018 Accepted: 15 March 2018 Published: 19 March 2018
  • Textile batteries are of utmost interest for the emerging field of electronic textiles. Several research groups work on this topic, developing either fiber-based batteries or planar alternatives, e.g. by coating textile fabrics with metallic electrodes and an electrolyte between them. Since usual non-toxic electrolytes are fluid, using them in a textile battery necessitates gelling them or embedding them in a sponge-like matrix to avoid diffusion through the textile electrodes. Here we report on measurements of textile batteries, prepared from different conductive woven fabrics with a nanofiber mat as an interlayer filled with iodine-triiodide solution. Firstly, the highest voltages were achieved combining metal electrodes with a carbon electrode, showing that the electrolyte in this system is part of the redox system. Second, the metal electrodes were destroyed after short times, suggesting that iodine-triiodide is not an ideal choice for an electrolyte, although this material is often used. Finally, we show that even without setting up the complete battery, the electrolyte slowly destroys the metal layers, while it is itself degraded by photo-oxidation, underlining the necessity to find non-toxic, environmentally-friendly alternatives for iodine-triiodide to enable long-term storage. Assuming non-solid state for electrolytes, the level of their confinement by different types of corrugated materials was tested.

    Citation: Redon Resuli, Ibrahim Turhan, Andrea Ehrmann, Tomasz Blachowicz. Textile-based batteries with nanofiber interlayer[J]. AIMS Energy, 2018, 6(2): 261-268. doi: 10.3934/energy.2018.2.261

    Related Papers:

  • Textile batteries are of utmost interest for the emerging field of electronic textiles. Several research groups work on this topic, developing either fiber-based batteries or planar alternatives, e.g. by coating textile fabrics with metallic electrodes and an electrolyte between them. Since usual non-toxic electrolytes are fluid, using them in a textile battery necessitates gelling them or embedding them in a sponge-like matrix to avoid diffusion through the textile electrodes. Here we report on measurements of textile batteries, prepared from different conductive woven fabrics with a nanofiber mat as an interlayer filled with iodine-triiodide solution. Firstly, the highest voltages were achieved combining metal electrodes with a carbon electrode, showing that the electrolyte in this system is part of the redox system. Second, the metal electrodes were destroyed after short times, suggesting that iodine-triiodide is not an ideal choice for an electrolyte, although this material is often used. Finally, we show that even without setting up the complete battery, the electrolyte slowly destroys the metal layers, while it is itself degraded by photo-oxidation, underlining the necessity to find non-toxic, environmentally-friendly alternatives for iodine-triiodide to enable long-term storage. Assuming non-solid state for electrolytes, the level of their confinement by different types of corrugated materials was tested.


    加载中
    [1] Jost K, Dion K, Gogotsi Y (2014) Textile energy storage in perspective. J Mater Chem A2: 10776–10787.
    [2] Gorgutsa S, Gu JF, Skorobogatiy M (2012) A woven 2D touchpad sensor and a 1Dslide sensor using soft capacitor fibers. Smart Mater Struct 21: 015010. doi: 10.1088/0964-1726/21/1/015010
    [3] Jost K, Stenger D, Perez CR, et al. (2013) Knitted and screen printed carbon fiber textile-supercapacitors for applications in wearable electronics. Energy Environ Sci 6: 2698–2705. doi: 10.1039/c3ee40515j
    [4] Liu Y, Gorgutsa S, Santato C, et al. (2012) Flexible, Solid Electrolyte-Based Lithium Battery Composed of LiFePO4 Cathode and Li4Ti5O12 Anode for Applications in Smart Textiles. J Electrochem Soc 159: A349–A356. doi: 10.1149/2.020204jes
    [5] Jost K, Perez CR, McDonough JK, et al. (2011) Carbon coated textiles for flexible energy storage. Energy Environ Sci 4: 5060. doi: 10.1039/c1ee02421c
    [6] Bhattacharya R, de Kok M, Zhou J (2009) Rechargeable electronic textile battery. Appl Phys Lett 95: 223305. doi: 10.1063/1.3269907
    [7] Hu L (2010) Stretchable, Porous, and Conductive Energy Textiles. NANO Lett 10: 708–714. doi: 10.1021/nl903949m
    [8] Balogun M-S, Yu M, Li C, et al. (2014) Facile synthesis of titanium nitride nanowires on carbon fabric for flexible and high-rate lithium ion batteries. J Mat Chem A 2: 10825–10829. doi: 10.1039/C4TA00987H
    [9] Balogun M-S, Yu M, Huang Y, et al. (2015) Binder-free Fe2N nanoparticles on carbon textile with high power density as novel anode for high-performance flexible lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy 11: 348–355. doi: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.11.019
    [10] Balogun M-S, Qui W, Lyu F, et al. (2016) All-flexible lithium ion battery based on thermally-etched porous carbon cloth anode and cathode. Nano Energy 26: 446–455. doi: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.05.017
    [11] Vanýsek P (2012) Electrochemical Series. In: Haynes WM, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics: 93rd Edition. Chemical Rubber Company.
    [12] Bard AJ, Parsons R, Jordan J (1985) Standard Potentials in Aqueous Solutions. Marcel Dekker, New York.
    [13] Normann M, Herrmann A, Grethe T, et al. (2016) Energiegewinnung und -speicherung mittels Textilien. 15th Chemnitz Textile Technology Conference.
    [14] Boschloo G, Hagfeldt A (2009) Characteristics of the Iodide/Triiodide Redox Mediator in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Accounts Chem Res 42: 1819–1826. doi: 10.1021/ar900138m
    [15] Normann M, Kyosev Y, Ehrmann A, et al. (2016) Multilayer Textile-Based Woven Batteries. In: Y. Kyosev (Ed.): Recent Developments in Braiding and Narrow Weaving, Springer International Publishing, 129–136.
    [16] Normann M, Grethe T, Schwarz-Pfeiffer A, et al. (2017) Development and characterization of textile batteries. IOP Conf Ser: Mater Sci Eng 175: 012058. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/175/1/012058
    [17] Normann M, Grethe T, Zöll K, et al. (2017) Development of 2D and 3D structured textile batteries processing conductive material with Tailored Fiber Placement (TFP). IOP Conf Ser: Mater Sci Eng 254: 072016. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/254/7/072016
    [18] Wei D, Cotton D, Ryhänen T (2012) All-solis-state textile batteries made from nano-emulsion conducting polymers inks for wearable electronics. Nanomaterials 2: 268–274. doi: 10.3390/nano2030268
    [19] Sabantina L, Mirasol JR, Cordero T, et al. (2018) Investigation of Needleless Electrospun PAN Nanofiber Mats. AIP Conference Proceedings, accepted.
    [20] Hellert C, Klemt C, Scheidt U, et al. (2017) Rehydrating dye sensitized solar cells. AIMS Energy 5: 397–403. doi: 10.3934/energy.2017.3.397
  • Reader Comments
  • © 2018 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(1467) PDF downloads(853) Cited by(4)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Figures(5)

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog