Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Performance and emission study on waste cooking oil biodiesel and distillate blends for microturbine application

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan Ikram-Uniten, 43000, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia;
2 Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan

Special Issues: Thermo-chemical Conversion of Waste Biomass

Biodiesel is defined as domestic renewable energy resource, which can be derived from natural oils through the transesterification. The implementation of biodiesel is essential due to the energy depletion crisis and the impact on exacerbating environment caused by rapid consumption of conventional diesel. Waste cooking oil (WCO) was used as the raw material to produce biodiesel in order to reduce wastes polluting the environment. This paper studies the technical potential of WCO biodiesel to be used as an alternative fuel for microturbine. The ASTM D6751 and ASTM D2881 standards were selected as references to evaluate the compatibility with distillate to be used as a microturbine fuel. The performance and emission tests were conducted employing a 30 kW microturbine, without any modification, using biodiesel and distillate blends up to maximum of 20% biodiesel mixing ratio. It was found that the thermal efficiency peaked at 20% biodiesel blend with distillate, despite the fact that biodiesel had a lower calorific value and a higher fuel consumption. The emission test results showed reduction of CO emission by increasing the WCO biodiesel mixing ratio, while NOx emission was dependent on the exhaust gas temperature. In conclusion, biodiesel derived from WCO has the potential to substitute distillate in the microturbine application.
  Article Metrics

Keywords biodiesel; waste cooking oil; combustion; emission; performance

Citation: Ee Sann Tan, Kumaran Palanisamy, Teuku Meurah Indra Mahlia, Kunio Yoshikawa. Performance and emission study on waste cooking oil biodiesel and distillate blends for microturbine application. AIMS Energy, 2015, 3(4): 798-809. doi: 10.3934/energy.2015.4.798


  • 1. Tien HM, Chen TJ (2000) The security environment in the Asia-Pacific, M.E. Sharpe, pp.277
  • 2. Sadeghinezad E, Kazi SN, Badarudin A, et al. (2013) A comprehensive review of biodiesel as alternative fuel for compression ignition engines. Renew sust energ rev 28: 410-424.    
  • 3. Atabani AE, Silitonga AS, Badruddin IA, et al. (2012) A comprehensive review on biodiesel as an alternative resource and its chacaracteristics. Renew sust energ rev 16: 2070-2093.    
  • 4. United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data, Available from: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/global.html
  • 5. Prussi M, Chiaramonti R, Riccio G, et al. (2012) Straight vegetable oil use in micro gas turbines: system adaptation and testing. Appl energ 89: 287-295.    
  • 6. Chiariello F, Allouis C, Reale F, et al. (2014) Gaseous and particulate emissions of a micro gas turbine fed with diesel oil, biodiesel and vegetable oil. Exp therm fluid sci 56: 16-22.    
  • 7. Cavarzere A, Morini M, Pinelli M, et al. (2014) Experimental analysis of micro gas turbine fuelled with vegetable oils from energy crops. Energy proc 45: 91-100.    
  • 8. Habib Z, Parthasarathy R, Gollahalli S (2010) Performance and emission characteristics of biofuel in a small-scale gas turbine engine. Applied energy 87: 1701-1709.    
  • 9. Chiaramonti D, Rizzo AM, Spadi A, et al. (2013) Exhaust emissions from liquid fuel micro gas turbine fed with diesel oil, biodiesel and vegetable oil. Applied energy 101: 349-356.    
  • 10. Seljak T, Katrasnik T (2015) Designing the microturbine engine for waste-derived fuels. Waste manag: In press.
  • 11. Robert JY (2004) California Energy Commision, Behavior of Capstone and Honeywell Microturbine Generators during Load Changes, Available from:
  • 12. Strenzoik R, Hansen A, Kuenstner H (2000) “Combustion of bio-oil in a gas turbine.” Progress in Thermochemical Bio Measure of Conversion, Blackwell Science Ltd.
  • 13. Nazrain M, Kumaran P, Saifuddin N, et al. (2004) The Study of Energy Potential from Waste Cooking Oil in Malaysia. Proceedings in Advances in Malaysia Energy Research (AMER), 17.
  • 14. Charles LP, Dick LA (1991) Technical overview of vegetable oil as a transportation fuel. FACT Vol. 12, ASME, Solid Fuel Conversion for the Transportation Sector: 45-54.
  • 15. Randall von Wedel, Biodiesel for Marine Use, 2005. Available from:
  • 16. Nascimento MAR, Electo SL, Paulo SPC, et al. (2007) Biodiesel fuel in diesel micro-turbine engines: modelling and experimental evaluation. Energy 33: 233-240.
  • 17. Krishna CR, Performance of the Capstone C30 microturbine on biodiesel blends, Brookhaven National Laboratory Report, 2007. Available from: www.pubs.bnl.gov/documents/35423.pdf.
  • 18. Krishna CR, Report of atomization tests for biodiesel blends in microturbine. Brookhaven National Laboratory Report, 2007. Available from:


Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2015, Ee Sann Tan, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved