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Optimal wind farm sitting using high-resolution digital elevation models and randomized optimization

infoMETRICS L.t.d, Megalou Aleksandrou 20, Spata, Athens, PO 19004, Greece

Special Issues: Remote sensing and Geoinformation Technology to Explore and Predict Renewable Energy Potential

We investigate the problem of wind farm design in isolated mountainous areas. We first describe a remote sensing approach for the terrain reconstruction of complex terrains. We then employ a well--known evolutionary optimization algorithm to find the optimal wind farm layout. Although the algorithm has been efficiently used for off--shore or smooth on--shore areas, we show that its performance is significantly affected by the complex topography. Moreover, we illustrate how a priori information can be exploited to improve both the computational time and efficiency of the optimization algorithm.
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