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Evolving technology: creating kidney organoids from stem cells

1 Department of Biological Sciences, Center for Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, Center for Zebrafish Research, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
2 These authors contributed equally to this article

Topical Section: Stem Cell Research

The kidney is a complex organ whose excretory and regulatory functions are vital for maintaining homeostasis. Previous techniques used to study the kidney, including various animal models and 2D cell culture systems to investigate the mechanisms of renal development and regeneration have many benefits but also possess inherent shortcomings. Some of those limitations can be addressed using the emerging technology of 3D organoids. An organoid is a 3D cluster of differentiated cells that are developed ex vivo by addition of various growth factors that result in a miniature organ containing structures present in the tissue of origin. Here, we discuss renal organoids, their development, and how they can be employed to further understand kidney development and disease.
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Keywords kidney; renal stem cell; organoid; induced pluripotent stem cell; intermediate mesoderm

Citation: Joseph M. Chambers, Robert A. McKee, Bridgette E. Drummond, Rebecca A. Wingert. Evolving technology: creating kidney organoids from stem cells. AIMS Bioengineering, 2016, 3(3): 305-318. doi: 10.3934/bioeng.2016.3.305


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Copyright Info: 2016, Rebecca A. Wingert, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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