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The effects of soil proprieties on the yield and the growth of tomato plants and fruits irrigated by treated wastewater

1 Hassan II University, Aîn Chock Science Faculty, Department of Biology, Health and Environment Laboratory, Casablanca, Morocco
2 Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Beni Mellal, Departement of Biology, Biological Engineering Laboratory, Beni Mellal, Morocco
3 Hassan II University, Aîn Chock Science Faculty, Department of Biology, Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environment Laboratory, Casablanca, Morocco

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of soil proprieties on the yield and the growth of tomato plants and fruit irrigated by treated wastewater (TWW). These tomatoes were cultivated in different soils: the first belonging to the Mediouna treatment plant and the second on the Ain Chock Science Faculty. The granulometric and physicochemical analysis of the two farming soils were performed, revealing a difference in texture and micronutrient content. The growth and other morphological aspects of tomatoes cultivated in different soils samples were compared. Physicochemical analysis showed that the level of various constituents of both soils were significant different (p < 0.05) among them. Mediouna soil (MS) recorded the highest values of conductivity (EC), Na, CaO and MgO. As for heavy metals such as Cu, Mn, Cr, Pb, Ni, Hg and Co remain below the limit values for soils to be used for agricultural activities. However, the Faculty soil (FS) was characterized by higher Zn content. The results obtained demonstrated that the physicochemical characteristics of the soil significantly influence the yield and growth of cultivated plants as well as the quality of the tomato fruit. In fact, the yields that obtained in the FS were more satisfactory than those of the MS. The fresh weight and the caliber of fruits were higher in plants grown in FS (135.87 g and 30.31 cm2 respectively). So, the faculty soils correspond to the pedological requirements of the studied species. The results from this study can help producers use MS located in a notable agricultural area. Its use is highly possible only if its characteristics are improved by making it less compact and changing its physicochemical composition.
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