Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Potato peel waste-its nutraceutical, industrial and biotechnological applacations

Institute of Home & Food Sciences, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan

Special Editions: Bioactive compounds in agricultural and food products: opportunities and challenges

With ever increased food processing in the new millennia, production of agro-industrial waste has been increased tremendously. Although, these waste are rich sources of essential bioactive compounds. In developing countries, the waste materials from agro-industries can help to obtain valuable components. The objective of this manuscript is to manage industrial potato peel waste and to highlight its nutritional and industrial uses. Potato peel waste, by various procedures such as fermentation, extraction and other treatments, can ensue into the products such as bio-fuels, dietary fibre, biofertilizer, biogas, biosorbent, antioxidants and food additives. This paper enlightens the application of potato peel utilization in food and nonfood purposes for example extraction, utilization of bioactive components, biotechnological usage, livestock feed and miscellaneous use. The present article summarized the literature pertaining to the studies of the last twenty years.
  Article Metrics

Keywords potato peel waste; biogas; biofuel; biotechnological application; antioxidant

Citation: Ahsan Javed, Awais Ahmad, Ali Tahir, Umair Shabbir, Muhammad Nouman, Adeela Hameed. Potato peel waste-its nutraceutical, industrial and biotechnological applacations. AIMS Agriculture and Food, 2019, 4(3): 807-823. doi: 10.3934/agrfood.2019.3.807


  • 1. FAO (2013, 2016) Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics Division.
  • 2. Paleologou I, Vasiliou A, Grigorakis S, et al. (2016) Optimisation of a green ultrasound-assisted extraction process for potato peel (Solanum tuberosum) polyphenols using bio-solvents and response surface methodology. Biomass Convers Bior 6: 289-299.    
  • 3. Chiellini E, Cinelli P, Chiellini F, et al. (2004) Environmentally degradable bio‐based polymeric blends and composites. Macromol Biosci 4: 218-231.    
  • 4. Chang K (2019) Polyphenol antioxidants from potato peels: Extraction optimization and application to stabilizing lipid oxidation in foods. In: Proceedings of Proceedings of the National Conference on Undergraduate Research (NCUR), New York, NY, USA.
  • 5. Nelson M (2010) Utilization and application of wet potato processing coproducts for finishing cattle. J Anim Sci 88: E133-E142.    
  • 6. Liang S, McDonald AG, Coats ER, et al. (2014) Lactic acid production with undefined mixed culture fermentation of potato peel waste. Waste Manag 34: 2022-2027.    
  • 7. Bhushan S, Kalia K, Sharma M, et al. (2008) Processing of apple pomace for bioactive molecules. Crit Rev Biotechnol 28: 285-296.    
  • 8. Arapoglou D, Varzakas T, Vlyssides A, et al. (2010) Ethanol production from potato peel waste (PPW). Waste Manag 30: 1898-1902.    
  • 9. Mohdaly AAA, Hassanien MFR, Mahmoud A, et al. (2013) Phenolics extracted from potato, sugar beet, and sesame processing by-products. INT J Food Prop 16: 1148-1168.    
  • 10. Sepelev I, Galoburda R (2015) Industrial potato peel waste application in food production: A review. Res Rural Dev 1: 130-136.
  • 11. Pathak PD, Mandavgane SA, Kulkarni BD, et al. (2015) Fruit peel waste as a novel low-cost bio adsorbent. Rev Chem Eng 31: 361-381.
  • 12. Maldonado AFS, Mudge E, Gänzle MG, et al. (2014) Extraction and fractionation of phenolic acids and glycoalkaloids from potato peels using acidified water/ethanol-based solvents. Food Res Int 65: 27-34.    
  • 13. Jeddou KB, Chaari F, Maktouf S, et al. (2016) Structural, functional, and antioxidant properties of water-soluble polysaccharides from potatoes peels. Food Chem205: 97-105.
  • 14. Liang S, McDonald AG (2014) Chemical and thermal characterization of potato peel waste and its fermentation residue as potential resources for biofuel and bioproducts production. J Agric Food Chem 62: 8421-8429.    
  • 15. Liang S, Han Y, Wei L, et al. (2015) Production and characterization of bio-oil and bio-char from pyrolysis of potato peel wastes. Biomass Convers Bior 5: 237-246.    
  • 16. Onyeneho SN, Hettiarachchy NS (1993) Antioxidant activity, fatty acids and phenolic acids compositions of potato peels. J Sci Food Agric62: 345-350.
  • 17. Camire ME, Violette D, Dougherty MP, et al. (1997) Potato peel dietary fiber composition: Effects of peeling and extrusion cooking processes. J Agric Food Chem45: 1404-1408.
  • 18. Camire ME, Zhao J, Violette DA, et al. (1993) In vitro binding of bile acids by extruded potato peels. J Agric Food Chem 41: 2391-2394.    
  • 19. Mahmood A, Greenman J, Scragg A, et al. (1998) Orange and potato peel extracts: Analysis and use as Bacillus substrates for the production of extracellular enzymes in continuous culture. Enzyme Microb Technol22: 130-137.
  • 20. Ballesteros MN, Cabrera RM, Saucedo MS, et al. (2001) Dietary fiber and lifestyle influence serum lipids in free living adult men. J Am Coll Nutr 20: 649-655.    
  • 21. Lazarov K, Werman MJ (1996) Hypocholesterolaemic effect of potato peels as a dietary fibre source. Med Sci Res 24: 581-582.
  • 22. Alonso A, Beunza JJ, Bes-Rastrollo M, et al. (2006) Vegetable protein and fiber from cereal are inversely associated with the risk of hypertension in a Spanish cohort. Arch Med Res 37: 778-786.    
  • 23. Erkkilä AT, Lichtenstein AH (2006) Fiber and cardiovascular disease risk: How strong is the evidence. J Cardiovasc Nurs 21: 3-8.    
  • 24. Camire ME, Zhao J, Dougherty MP, et al. (1995) In Vitro binding of benzo [a] pyrene by extruded potato peels. J Agric Food Chem 43: 970-973.    
  • 25. Kyzas GZ, Deliyanni EA (2015) Modified activated carbons from potato peels as green environmental-friendly adsorbents for the treatment of pharmaceutical effluents. Chem Eng Res Des97: 135-144.
  • 26. Abd-El-Magied MM (1991) Effect of dietary fibre of potato peel on the rheological and organoleptic characteristics of biscuits. Egypt J Food Sci 19: 293-300.
  • 27. Al-Weshahy A, Rao V (2012) Potato peel as a source of important phytochemical antioxidant nutraceuticals and their role in human health-A review. In: Phytochemicals as Nutraceuticals-Global Approaches to Their Role in Nutrition and Health, InTech.
  • 28. Panda SK, Mishra SS, Kayitesi E, et al. (2016) Microbial-processing of fruit and vegetable wastes for production of vital enzymes and organic acids: Biotechnology and scopes. Environ Res 146: 161-172.    
  • 29. Saldaña, MD, Valdivieso-Ramirez CS (2015) Pressurized fluid systems: Phytochemical production from biomass. J Supercrit Fluid 96: 228-244.    
  • 30. Fadel M (1999) Utilization of potato chips industry by products for the production of thermostable bacterial alpha amylase using solid state fermentation system. 1.-effect of incubation period, temperature, moisture level and inoculum size. Egypt J Microbiol.
  • 31. Mukherjee AK, Adhikari H, Rai SK, et al. (2008) Production of alkaline protease by a thermophilic Bacillus subtilis under solid-state fermentation (SSF) condition using imperata cylindrica grass and potato peel as low-cost medium: characterization and application of enzyme in detergent formulation. Biochem Eng J 39: 353-361.    
  • 32. Sharma N, Tiwari DP, Singh SK, et al. (2014) The efficiency appraisal for removal of malachite green by potato peel and neem bark: isotherm and kinetic studies. Int J Chem Environ Eng 5: 83-88.
  • 33. Prasad AGD, Pushpa HN (2007) Antimicrobial activity of potato peel waste. Asian J Microbiol Biotechnol Environ Sci 9: 559-561.
  • 34. Sharma D, Ansari MJ, Gupta S, et al. (2015) Structural characterization and antimicrobial activity of a biosurfactant obtained from Bacillus pumilus DSVP18 grown on potato peels. Jundishapur J Microbiol 8: e21257.
  • 35. Arapoglou D, Vlyssides A, Varzakas T, et al. (2009) Alternative ways for potato industries waste utilisation. In: Proceedings of Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technolo gy, Chaina, Crete, Greece, 3-5.
  • 36. Fu BR, Sun Y, WANG YX, et al. (2013) Construction of biogas fermentation system based on feedstock of potato residue.J Northeast Agric Univ 44: 102-106.
  • 37. Sanaei-Moghadam A, Abbaspour-Fard MH, Aghel H, et al. (2014) Enhancement of biogas production by co-digestion of potato pulp with cow manure in a CSTR system. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 173: 1858-1869.    
  • 38. Liang S, McDonald AG (2015) Anaerobic digestion of pre-fermented potato peel wastes for methane production. Waste Manag 46: 197-200.    
  • 39. Datta R, Henry M (2006) Lactic acid: Recent advances in products, processes and technologies-a review. J Chem Technol Biotechnol: Int Res Process, Environ Clean Technol 81: 1119-1129.
  • 40. Priyanga K, Reji A, Bhagat JK, et al. (2016) Production of organic manure from potato peel waste. Int J Chem Tech Res 9: 845-847.
  • 41. Pandit N, Ahmad N, Maheshwari S, et al. (2012) Vermicomposting biotechnology an eco-loving approach for recycling of solid organic wastes into valuable biofertilizers. J Biofertil Biopestic 3: 1-8.
  • 42. Muhondwa J, Martienssen M, Burkhardt M, et al. (2015) Feasibility of anaerobic digestion of potato peels for biogas as mitigation of greenhouse gases emission potential. Int J Environ Res 9: 481-488
  • 43. Tiwari V, Maji S, Kumar S, et al. (2016) Use of kitchen waste based bio-organics for strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch) production. Afr J Agric Res 11: 259-265.    
  • 44. Chintagunta AD, Jacob S, Banerjee R, et al. (2016) Integrated bioethanol and biomanure production from potato waste. Waste Manag 49: 320-325.    
  • 45. Shukla J, Kar R (2006) Potato peel as a solid state substrate for thermostable α-amylase production by thermophilic Bacillus isolates. World J Microb Biot 22: 417-422.    
  • 46. Jadhav SA, Kataria PK, Bhise KK, et al. (2013) Amylase production from potato and banana peel waste. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 2: 410-414.
  • 47. Mabrouk ME, El Ahwany AM (2008) Production of 946-mannanase by Bacillus amylolequifaciens 10A1 cultured on potato peels. Afr J Biotechnol 7: 1123-1128.
  • 48. Dos Santos TC, Gomes DPP, Bonomo RCF, et al. (2012) Optimisation of solid state fermentation of potato peel for the production of cellulolytic enzymes. Food Chem 133: 1299-1304.    
  • 49. Mukherjee S, Bandyopadhayay B, Basak B, et al. (2012) An improved method of optimizing the extraction of polyphenol oxidase from potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Peel. Not Sci Biol 4: 98-107.    
  • 50. Niphadkar SS, Vetal MD, Rathod VK, et al. (2015) Purification and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from waste potato peel by aqueous two-phase extraction. Prep Biochem Biotechnol 45: 632-649.    
  • 51. Da Silva Batista M, Guimarães CO, Marra LC, et al. (2015) Bio-oil production from waste potato peel and rice hush. Rev Eletrônica Gest Educ Tecnol 19: 220-227.
  • 52. Izmirlioglu G, Demirci A (2012) Ethanol production from waste potato mash by using Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Appl Sci 2: 738-753.    
  • 53. Afsar N, Özgür E, Gürgan M, et al. (2011) Hydrogen productivity of photosynthetic bacteria on dark fermenter effluent of potato steam peels hydrolysate. Int J Hydrogen Energ36: 432-438.
  • 54. Panagiotopoulos IA, Karaoglanoglou LS, Koullas DP, et al. (2015) Technical suitability mapping of feedstocks for biological hydrogen production. J Clean Prod 102: 521-528.    
  • 55. Im HW, Suh BS, Lee SU, et al. (2008) Analysis of phenolic compounds by high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry in potato plant flowers, leaves, stems, and tubers and in home-processed potatoes. J Agric Food Chem 56: 3341-3349.    
  • 56. Lee J, Finn CE (2007) Anthocyanins and other polyphenolics in American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) and European elderberry (S. nigra) cultivars. J Sci Food Agric87: 2665-2675.
  • 57. Rodríguez-Meizoso I, Marin FR, Herrero M, et al. (2006) Subcritical water extraction of nutraceuticals with antioxidant activity from oregano. Chemical and functional characterization. J Pharmaceut Biomed 41: 1560-1565.
  • 58. Yeung YY, Hong S, Corey EJ, et al. (2006) A short enantioselective pathway for the synthesis of the anti-influenza neuramidase inhibitor oseltamivir from 1,3-butadiene and acrylic acid. J Am Chem Soc 128: 6310-6311.    
  • 59. Mansour EH, Khalil AH (2000) Evaluation of antioxidant activity of some plant extracts and their application to ground beef patties. Food Chem 69: 135-141.    
  • 60. Kanatt SR, Chander R, Radhakrishna P, et al. (2005) Potato peel extract a natural antioxidant for retarding lipid peroxidation in radiation processed lamb meat. J Agric Food Chem 53: 1499-1504.    
  • 61. Formanek Z, Lynch A, Galvin K, et al. (2003) Combined effects of irradiation and the use of natural antioxidants on the shelf-life stability of overwrapped minced beef. Meat Sci 63: 433-440.    
  • 62. Mohdaly AA, Sarhan MA, Smetanska I, et al. (2010) Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of potato peel, sugar beet pulp and sesame cake. J Sci Food Agric 90: 218-226.    
  • 63. Rommi K, Rahikainen J, Vartiainen J, et al. (2016) Potato peeling costreams as raw materials for biopolymer film preparation. J Appl Polym Sci 133: 1-11.
  • 64. Nara K, Miyoshi T, Honma T, et al. (2006) Antioxidative activity of bound-form phenolics in potato peel. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 70: 1489-1491.    
  • 65. Arun K, Chandran J, Dhanya R, et al. (2015) Comparative evaluation of antioxidant and antidiabetic potential of peel from young and matured potato. Food Biosci 9: 36-46.    
  • 66. Shimoi K, Okitsu A, Green M, et al. (2001) Oxidative DNA damage induced by high glucose and its suppression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Mutat Res-Fund Mol M 480: 371-378.
  • 67. Singh N, Kamath V, Rajini P, et al. (2005) Attenuation of hyperglycemia and associated biochemical parameters in STZ-induced diabetic rats by dietary supplementation of potato peel powder. Clin Chim Acta353: 165-175.
  • 68. El Bohi KM, Hashimoto Y, Muzandu K, et al. (2009) Protective effect of Pleurotus cornucopiae mushroom extract on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity. Jpn J Vet Res 57: 109-118.
  • 69. Singh N, Rajini P (2008) Antioxidant-mediated protective effect of potato peel extract in erythrocytes against oxidative damage. Chem Biol Interact 173: 97-104.    
  • 70. Jaeschke H, Gores GJ, Cederbaum AI, et al. (2002) Mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. Toxicol Sci 65: 166-176.    
  • 71. Tasaduq S, Singh K, Sethi S, et al. (2003) Hepatocurative and antioxidant profile of HP-1, a polyherbal phytomedicine. Hum Exp Toxicol 22: 639-645.    
  • 72. Mohammed NMS, Salim HAM (2017) Adsorption of Cr (Vi) ion from aqueous solutions by solid waste of potato peels. Sci J Uni Zakho 5: 254-258.    
  • 73. Bibi S, Farooqi A, Yasmin A, et al. (2017) Arsenic and fluoride removal by potato peel and rice husk (PPRH) ash in aqueous environments. Int J Phytoremediat 19: 1029-1036.    
  • 74. Guechi EK, Hamdaoui O (2016) Evaluation of potato peel as a novel adsorbent for the removal of Cu (Ⅱ) from aqueous solutions: equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies. Desalin Water Treat57: 10677-10688.
  • 75. Kyzas GZ, Deliyanni EA, Matis KA, et al. (2016) Activated carbons produced by pyrolysis of waste potato peels: Cobalt ions removal by adsorption. Colloids Surf, A 490: 74-83.    
  • 76. Mahale KK, Mokhasi HR, Ashoka H, et al. (2016) Biosorption of nickel (Ⅱ) from aqueous solutions using potato peel. Res J Chem Environ Sci 4: 96-101.
  • 77. Mutongo F, Kuipa O, Kuipa PK, et al. (2014) Removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions using powder of potato peelings as a low cost sorbent. Bioinorg Chem Appl 2014: 1-7.


This article has been cited by

  • 1. Shehzad Hussain, Ivi Jõudu, Rajeev Bhat, Dietary Fiber from Underutilized Plant Resources—A Positive Approach for Valorization of Fruit and Vegetable Wastes, Sustainability, 2020, 12, 13, 5401, 10.3390/su12135401

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2019 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved