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Hydrolysable Tannins from Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) to improve Tobacco and Food/Feed Quality. Note 1: Fraction characterization, and Tobacco biostimulant effect for gall-nematode resistance

1 Consortium INSTM-Italian Interuniversity Consortium for Science and Technology of Materials, Via G. Giusti 9, 50121 Firenze, Italy
2 Phytolab (Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic, Food supplement Technology and Analysis)-DISIA, University of Florence, Italy
3 Fattoria Autonoma Tabacchi, Città di Castello, Italy

Special Editions: Use of biostimulant in agriculture to improve plant performance and crop quality

Hydrolysable tannins, water-extracted from sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) biomass (CHT) and membrane concentrated, have several remarkable effects as antioxidant, antimicrobial, and metal complexing agents. Raw CHT extract has been recognized as a plant biostimulant for its capacity to enhance plant rooting, and improve early P uptake (starter effect), as a seed-transplant seedling local treatment. It has been investigated, in particular on tobacco, also for its ability to enhance plant resistance to nematodes. More recently, some CHT fractions obtained by process stream fractioning and enriched in selected polyphenolic subclasses with antimicrobial and antioxidant effects were identified, chemically characterized and tested for their potential in promoting selected aspects of plant yield, quality and protection, and maintaining and improving feed and food quality during processing. A method of application of a CHT fraction with a biostimulant effect on plant root system was developed, to protect tobacco plant in Meloidogyne spp. infested fields. Results of this application consistently did not differ from better treatments.
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Keywords Castanea sativa Mill.; sweet chestnut; hydrolysable tannins; HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS; plant biostimulant; antimicrobial activity; antioxidant activity; nematodes; Meloidogyne spp

Citation: Enrica Bargiacchi, Margherita Campo, Annalisa Romani, Gilberto Milli, Sergio Miele. Hydrolysable Tannins from Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) to improve Tobacco and Food/Feed Quality. Note 1: Fraction characterization, and Tobacco biostimulant effect for gall-nematode resistance. AIMS Agriculture and Food, 2017, 2(3): 324-338. doi: 10.3934/agrfood.2017.3.324

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Copyright Info: 2017, Sergio Miele, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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