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Profile of the diterpenes, lipid and protein content of different coffee cultivars of three consecutive harvests

1 Área de Ecofisiologia, Laboratório de Fisiologia Vegetal, IAPAR—Instituto Agronômico do Paraná, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, km 375 86047-902 Londrina PR, Brazil
2 EMBRAPA Café, Área de Melhoramento Genético, Laboratório de Biotecnologia, IAPAR—Instituto Agronômico do Paraná, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, km 375 86047-902 Londrina PR, Brazil
3 Centro Tecnológico Cocari; Rua Santos Dumont, 500, Jardim Esplanada, Mandaguari PR, Brazil
4 Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos, UEL—Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Rod. Celso Garcia Cid (PR 445), Km 380 Caixa Postal 10.011, 86057-970 Londrina PR, Brazil

Some compounds found in coffee, such as cafestol and kahweol, have been linked to human health, whereas others, such as lipids and proteins, are associated with beverage quality. Several factors affect the concentration of these compounds in coffee. This study aimed to evaluate the profile of cafestol, kahweol, lipids and proteins in coffee cultivars of different genetic background grown in the same edapho-climatic conditions in three consecutive harvests. Cultivars derived from introgression of C. canephora genes via Timor Hybrid and Villa Sarchi presented high kahweol and low cafestol content that remained stable for three years. In the principal component analysis, cafestol, protein and lipid values contributed highly to the separation of the three harvests, whereas kahweol values separated cultivars among harvest years. There is no year effect on the diterpene profile among the cultivars. Thus, due to the profile and the stability of diterpenes at this location, and taking into consideration healthy issues related to coffee consumption, we can begin to recommend coffee cultivars with different diterpenes concentrations.
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Keywords IPRs; Coffea; cafestol; kahweol; quality

Citation: Cíntia Sorane Good Kitzberger, Maria Brígida dos Santos Scholz, Luiz Filipe Protasio Pereira, João Batista Gonçalves Dias da Silva, Marta de Toledo Benassi. Profile of the diterpenes, lipid and protein content of different coffee cultivars of three consecutive harvests. AIMS Agriculture and Food, 2016, 1(3): 254-264. doi: 10.3934/agrfood.2016.3.254

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Copyright Info: 2016, Cíntia Sorane Good Kitzberger, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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