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Assessing Community-Based Injury Prevention Services in U.S. Childrens Hospitals

1 Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, College for Public Health & Social Justice, 3545 Lafayette Avenue, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA;
2 Department of Biostatistics, College for Public Health & Social Justice, 3545 Lafayette Avenue, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA;
3 Department of Emergency Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte NC 28232, USA;
4 College for Public Health & Social Justice, 3545 Lafayette Avenue, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA;
5 Children's Hospital Association, Washington, DC 20005, USA

Objective: Not-for-profit hospitals are required to meet federal reporting requirements detailing their community benefit activities, which support their tax-exempt status. Children's hospitals have long provided community injury prevention (IP) programming and thus can inform public health outreach work in other areas. This work describes IP programming as a community service offered by children's hospitals in the U.S. Methods: The IP specialist at 232 US-based member institutions of the Children's Hospital Association were invited to complete an assessment of their hospital's IP outreach programming. Results: 47.7 percent of hospitals request financial data from IP programming for tax reporting purposes. Almost all offer injury prevention (IP) services; the majority are in the community (60.3%) and 34.5% are hospital-based. Most IP units are independent (60.3%) and 71.8% are responsible for their own budgets. Conclusions: By integrating dissemination and implementation sciences and community health needs assessments, these findings can help advance community services provided by hospitals to impact public health.
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Copyright Info: © 2014, Nancy L. Weaver, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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