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Baby-skin care habits from different socio-economic groups and its impact on the development of atopic dermatitis

1 Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Maltepe University, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Maltepe University, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Pediatrics, Acıbadem International Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
4 Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Maltepe University, Istanbul, Turkey

Skin care practices of children vary among communities and are based on experience, tradition and culture. It was aimed to determine the baby-skin care approaches of mothers from three different socio-economic groups and its effect on the development of atopic dermatitis. The study comprised mothers with children under 2 years of age from three different socioeconomic groups in Istanbul in the first half of 2014. A questionnaire with 38 items related to demographic variables, feeding habits, and baby-skin care were distributed to the mothers and asked to fill at sight. The study comprised of 207 children with 69 from lower socio-economic group, 92 children from group middle socio-economic and 46 children from higher socio-economic group. Mean age was 8.48, 8.74, and 10.98 months, respectively. Atopic dermatitis was reported in 19% of the children from higher socio-economic and 9% of the children in other two groups each. The proportion of using no care products after bath was found to be lower in children with atopic dermatitis from all three groups. The proportion of using wet wipes for diaper care was significantly lower in children with atopic dermatitis in comparison to children without atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis was more common among children from higher socioeconomic group and skin care after bath seems to be an important factor in the development of atopic dermatitis.
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