Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

The linkage between fertilizer consumption and rice production: Empirical evidence from Pakistan

1 College of Economics, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China
2 Research Center of Agricultural-Rural-Peasants, Anhui University, Hefei, China
3 College of Management, Sichuan Agricultural University Chengdu, China

Rice is one of the most important staple foods for 70 percent of the population of the world. It is among the main cereal crops grown in different regions of Pakistan as food crop. Pakistan has very much potentials for growing the crop and the potential rice production sown area is estimated to be about 2724 thousand hectares. The purpose of this study is to examine the linkage between fertilizer consumption and rice production in Pakistan from 1984 to 2014. For checking the stationarity of the data, this study incorporated Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) and Phillips Perron (PP) unit root tests. Furthermore, the Johenson Co-integration test is used to detect the long-term relationship among the series. Likewise, on the basis of annual time series data the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model is employed to evaluate the impact of fertilizer consumption on the production of rice in Pakistan up to now. The results of ADF and PP unit root tests reveal that fertilizer consumption and water availability are integrated at I(0) whereas area and rice production are integrated at I(1). The empirical findings of Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model indicate that area and fertilizer consumption for rice has a significant effect on the rice production in both short-run and long-run. In contrast, water availability has a significant effect on the rice production in the long-run but it was statistically insignificant in the short-run. The estimated equation remains stable from the period of 1984 to 2014 as showed by stability tests.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords Pakistan; fertilizer consumption; rice production; autoregressive distributed lag; co-integration

Citation: Abbas Ali Chandio, Yuansheng Jiang, Abdul Rehman, Rahman Dunya. The linkage between fertilizer consumption and rice production: Empirical evidence from Pakistan. AIMS Agriculture and Food, 2018, 3(3): 295-305. doi: 10.3934/agrfood.2018.3.295

References

  • 1. Duflo E, Kremer M, Robinson J (2008) How high are rates of return to fertilizer? Evidence from field experiments in Kenya. Am Econ Rev 98: 482–488.
  • 2. Brandt M, Ejhed H (2002) Transport–Retention–Kallfordelning. Belastning pa havet. Swedish Environl Prot A.
  • 3. Kelly V, Adesina AA, Gordon A (2003) Gordon, Expanding access to agricultural inputs in Africa: A review of recent market development experience. Food Policy 28: 379–404.    
  • 4. Christoplos I (2010) Mobilizing the potential of rural and agricultural extension. Food Agric Organ.
  • 5. Khan RA, Azhar BA (1991) Some operational issues and institutional constraints in lending to small farmers [with Comments]. Pakistan Dev Rev 30: 1029–1037.
  • 6. Said A, Zada A, Tahir M (2000) Improved cultural practices for profitable rice production in North West Frontier Province. TASRAN Computer Associate, Mingora, Swat, Pakistan.
  • 7. Ansari F (2007) ADBP to promote innovative technology. House J ADBP 7.
  • 8. Fazal N (2006) The impact of institutional credit on agricultural production: A case study of Punjab, unpublished thesis. Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.
  • 9. Junejo KM (2002) House Journal of Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan 8: 1.
  • 10. Rehman A, Jingdong L, Khatoon R, et al. (2016) Modern agricultural technology adoption its importance, role and usage for the improvement of griculture. Am-Eurasian J Agric Environ Sci 16: 284–288.
  • 11. Ragasa C, Dankyi A, Acheampong P, et al. (2013) Patterns of adoption of improved rice technologies in Ghana. Int Food Policy Res Inst Work Pap 35: 27.
  • 12. Abdoulaye T, Sanders JH (2005) Stages and determinants of fertilizer use in semiarid African agriculture: The Niger experience. Agric Econ 32: 167–179.
  • 13. Croppenstedt A, Demeke M, Meschi MM (2003) Technology adoption in the presence of constraints: The case of fertilizer demand in Ethiopia. Rev Dev Econ 7: 58–70.    
  • 14. Nata JT, Mjelde JW, Boadu FO (2014) Household adoption of soil-improving practices and food insecurity in Ghana. Agric Food Secur 3: 1–17.    
  • 15. Rehman A, Jingdong L, Chandio AA, et al. (2017) Economic outlook of rice crops in Pakistan: A time series analysis (1970–2015). Financ Innovation 3: 1–13.    
  • 16. Chandio AA, Jiang Y, Gessesse AT, et al. (2017) The nexus of agricultural credit, farm size and technical efficiency in Sindh, Pakistan: A stochastic production frontier approach. J Saudi Soc Agric Sci.
  • 17. GOP (2014) Economic survey of Pakistan 2014–2015. Agricultural statistics of Pakistan. Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock Division, Islamabad.
  • 18. Bashir MK, Gill ZA, Hassan S, et al. (2007) Impact of credit disbursed by commercial banks on the productivity of sugarcane in Faisalabad district. Pak J Agri Sci 44: 361–363.
  • 19. Buriro A, Khooharo AA, Ghulam T (2015) Technical efficiency of rice production Sindh, Pakistan: A statistical analysis. Sci Int 27: 6225–6230.
  • 20. Chandio AA, Jiang J (2018) Determinants of adoption of improved rice varieties in Northern Sindh, Pakistan. Rice Sci 25: 103–110.
  • 21. Bashir MK, Mehmood Y (2010) Institutional credit and rice productivity: A case study of District Lahore, Pakistan. China Agri Econ Rev 2: 412–419.
  • 22. Pesaran MH, Shin Y (1998) An autoregressive distributed-lag modelling approach to cointegration analysis. Econ Soc Monogr 31: 371–413.
  • 23. Pesaran MH, Shin Y, Smith RJ (2001) Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships. J Appl Econ 16: 289–326.    
  • 24. Ouattara B (2004) Foreign aid and fiscal policy in Senegal. Mimeo University of Manchester Manchester.
  • 25. Hasnain MN, Hossain ME, Islam MK (2015) Technical efficiency of Boro rice production in Meherpur district of Bangladesh: A stochastic frontier approach. Am J Agric For 3: 31–37.
  • 26. Muhammad SD, Zafar S (2016) Factors influencing yield of rice in Balochistan Province. Maarif Res J: 97–104.
  • 27. Tijani A (2006) Analysis of the technical efficiency of rice farms in Ijesha Land of Osun State, Nigeria. Agrekon 45: 126–135.    
  • 28. Kea S, Li H, Pich L (2016) Technical efficiency and its determinants of rice production in Cambodia. Econo 4: 1–22.
  • 29. Khai HV, Yabe M (2011) Technical efficiency analysis of rice production in Vietnam. J ISSAAS 17: 135–146.
  • 30. Brown RL, Durbin J, Evans JM (1975) Techniques for testing the constancy of regression relationships over time. J R Stat Soc: 149–192.

 

This article has been cited by

  • 1. Abbas Ali CHANDIO, Habibullah MAGSI, Ilhan OZTURK, Examining the effects of climate change on rice production: case study of Pakistan, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2019, 10.1007/s11356-019-07486-9

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2018 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved