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Duality properties of metric Sobolev spaces and capacity

1 Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa, Italy
2 Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Pavia Via Ferrata 1, 27100 Pavia, Italy
3 Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 2, Garching, Germany

This contribution is part of the Special Issue: Contemporary PDEs between theory and modeling—Dedicated to Sandro Salsa, on the occasion of his 70th birthday
Guest Editor: Gianmaria Verzini
Link: www.aimspress.com/mine/article/5753/special-articles

Special Issues: Contemporary PDEs between theory and modeling—Dedicated to Sandro Salsa, on the occasion of his 70th birthday

We study the properties of the dual Sobolev space $H^{-1,q}(\mathbb{X})= \big(H^{1,p}(\mathbb{X})\big)'$ on a complete extended metric-topological measure space $\mathbb{X}=(X,\tau,\rm{d},\rm{m})$ for $p\in (1,\infty)$. We will show that a crucial role is played by the strong closure $H_{{\rm{pd}}}^{ - 1,q}\left( {\mathbb{X}} \right)$ of $L^q(X,\rm{m})$ in the dual $H^{-1,q}(\mathbb{X})$, which can be identified with the predual of $H^{1,p}(\mathbb{X})$. We will show that positive functionals in $H^{-1,q}(\mathbb{X})$ can be represented as a positive Radon measure and we will charaterize their dual norm in terms of a suitable energy functional on nonparametric dynamic plans. As a byproduct, we will show that for every Radon measure $\mu$ with finite dual Sobolev energy, Capp-negligible sets are also $\mu$-negligible and good representatives of Sobolev functions belong to $L^1(X,\mu)$. We eventually show that the Newtonian-Sobolev capacity Capp admits a natural dual representation in terms of such a class of Radon measures.
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Keywords metric Sobolev spaces; capacity; modulus of a family of rectifiable curves; dynamic transport plans; dual Cheeger energy; capacitary measures

Citation: Luigi Ambrosio, Giuseppe Savaré. Duality properties of metric Sobolev spaces and capacity. Mathematics in Engineering, 2021, 3(1): 1-31. doi: 10.3934/mine.2021001

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