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Theoretical methods and models for mechanical properties of soft biomaterials

1 Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University, Japan
2 Graduate School of Medical Science, Yamagata University, Japan
3 Integrative Bioscience and Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Waseda University, Japan
# Emeritus Professor of Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University, Japan

Topical Section: Biological and biomimetic materials

We review the most commonly used theoretical methods and models for the mechanical properties of soft biomaterials, which include phenomenological hyperelastic and viscoelastic models, structural biphasic and network models, and the structural alteration theory. We emphasize basic concepts and recent developments. In consideration of the current progress and needs of mechanobiology, we introduce methods and models for tackling micromechanical problems and their applications to cell biology. Finally, the challenges and perspectives in this field are discussed.
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