Instructions for Authors


1. Requirements

    1.1. Cover letter, Which may Include:

    1.2. Full Text, Including Figures and Tables

2. Manuscript Organization

    2.1. File Format

    2.2. Manuscript Length

    2.3. Title

    2.4. Authors and Affiliations

    2.5. Headings and Subheadings

    2.6. Abstract ,Keywordsand Abbreviations

    2.7. Main Text

3. English Editing

4. Article Processing Charge (APC)



Before you submit, please check below information has been confirmed:

One Author designated as corresponding Author:
• E-mail address
• Full postal address
• Telephone number
All necessary information has been provided
• Abstract, Keywords and Abbreviations
• All figure have captions and are mentioned in the text.
• All tables (including title, description, footnotes)and are mentioned in the text.
• Ethic declaration, Conflicts and Interests, Acknowledgement.
Further considerations
• Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked"
• References are in the correct format for this journal
• All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)

All submissions should be prepared with the following files, and submitted via our online system

1.1. Cover letter, Which may Include:

•  Concise summary of why your paper is a valuable addition to the scientific literature

•  Brief relation of your study to previously published work

•  Any recommended or opposed reviewers. The authors can provide a list of five qualified, independent, prospective reviewers who could perform quality peer reviews of your submission. (Including their full names, affiliations and their current E-mail addresses.)

•  Confirmation from all authors that the manuscript will be considered to be published in AIMS Press journal in Open Access Format, and the submission has not been published in another journal. The submission may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck.

•  Confirmation that all authors have written entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, these should be appropriately cited or quoted. Authors should not concurrently submit a paper to more than one journal or primary publication, and should not submit a previously published paper for consideration.

1.2. Full Text, Including Figures and Tables

2. Manuscript Organization

2.1. File Format

Authors may submit their manuscript files in Word (as .doc or .docx) or LaTeX (as .pdf), format. Word files must not be protected.

•  Microsoft Word

•  Tex Template

Submissions with equations: Please follow the instructions below to make sure that your equations are editable when the manuscript enters production.

Ensure that the equations in your .docx file remain editable and not as images. In principle, Equations should be centered on the page. If equations are too wide to fit in a single column, indicate appropriate breaks.All equations must be numbered, type the number in parentheses flush with the left margin. Please avoid using Equation Editor for simple in-line mathematical copy, symbols, and equations. Type these in Word instead, using the "Symbol" function when necessary.

•  Enable "Compatibility Mode" before you compose your article

•  MathType to create the equation or

•  Go to Insert > Object > Microsoft Equation 3.0 and create the equation

2.2. Manuscript Length

AIMS does not impose a limit on the length of manuscripts so authors can provide as many details of their research results as possible.

2.3. Title

The title should be specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the subject field. The title should be indented left in 16 point bold Times New Roman font and placed at the top of page 1. Capitalize only the first letter of the title.

2.4. Authors and Affiliations

All authors' full names (the middle name can be abbreviated) should be listed together and separated by commas. Link affiliations to the author's name with superscript numbers and list as follows: Laboratory, Department, Organization, City, State (in abbreviation if from USA , Canada , or Australia ), and Country.

The Corresponding Author should be marked with an asterisk, and their exact contact address, email address and telephone number should be listed in a separate paragraph. This information will be published with the article if accepted.

Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request sucha change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (1) the reason for the change in author list and (2) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement.Any change of affiliation requests will not be allowed after publication.

If the article has been submitted on behalf of a consortium, all author names and affiliations should be listed at the end of the manuscript.

2.5. Headings and Subheadings

There should be no more than 4 levels of headings. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.The font of headings and subheadings should be 12 point normal Times New Roman, and only the first word should be capitalized.

2.6. Abstract ,Keywordsand Abbreviations

The abstract should:

•  Describe the the context and purpose of the study

•  Explain how the study was performed, including any model organisms used, without methodological detail

•  Summarize the main findings and their significance

•  Be less than 300 words

Please minimize the use of abbreviations (if possible) and do not cite references in the abstract.

5 to 10 keywords should be provided after the abstract in a separate paragraph.


Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field below the keywords of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their firstmention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

2.7. Main Text

The body text must be in 12 point normal Times New Roman font with a line space of at least 15 point. Any abbreviations should be listed before the introduction section. Standard International Units should be used throughout the manuscript.

The main text should include:

•  Introduction

The Introduction section should provide a brief statement of the research background and whether the aim of the article was achieved.

•  Materials and methods

The Materials and methods section should provide sufficient detail to allow suitably skilled investigators to repeat your study. This section should include the design of the study and the type of materials involved, a clear description of all interventions and comparisons, and the type of analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate. Generic drug names should generally be used. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand names in parentheses in the Materials and methods section.

If materials, methods, and protocols are well established, authors may cite articles where those protocols are described in detail, but the submission should include sufficient information to be understood independent of these.

For studies involving human participants, a statement detailing ethical approval and consent should be included in the methods section. For further details of the journal's editorial policies and ethical guidelines see “Specific Reporting Guidelines.”

•  Results, Discussion, Conclusion

These sections may all be separate, or they may be combined to create a mixed Results/Discussion section (commonly labeled "Results and Discussion") or a mixed Discussion/Conclusions section (commonly labeled "Conclusions").

Authors should describe and explain the results of the experiments in these sections; they should explain how the results relate to the hypothesis presented as the basis of the study and provide a concise explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly in relation to previous related studies and potential future directions for research.

•  Acknowledgments (All sources of funding of the study must be disclosed)

If the research was funded, the author should list the funding information and grant number in the Acknowledgments section, for example, “This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy];the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes" of Peace [grant number aaaa]”. If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.If there are any contributions from other institutions or people, the author should acknowledge them in this section as well.

Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

•  Conflict of interest

The author should declare all relationships, financial, commercial or otherwise, that might be perceived by the academic community as representing a potential conflict of interest. If there are no such relationships, the author can state “All authors declare no conflicts of interest in this paper” in this section.

•  References

References are to be listed alphabetically, last name first, followed by publication date in parentheses. Each reference should be cited in text at the appropriate place.

All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author's last name and the year ofpublication;
2. Two authors: both authors' last names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed firstalphabetically, then chronologically.
Examples: 'as demonstrated (Allan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1999). Kramer et al.(2010) have recently shown ....'

References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified bythe letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.References should be formatted as follows:

•  Journal article style: Benoist Y, Foulon P, Labourie F, et al. (Year) Anosov flows with stable and unstable differentiable distributions. J Amer Math Soc Volume: Starting Page-Ending Page.

•  Accepted, unpublished papers: Same as above, but “In press” appears instead of the page numbers.

•  Book style : Serrin J, (1971) Gradient estimates for solutions of nonlinear elliptic and parabolic equations , In: Zarantonello, E.Z. Author, Contributions to Nonlinear Functional Analysis , 2 Eds., New York : Academic Press , 35-75.

•  Online content: SARS Expert Committee, SARS in Hong Kong : From Experience to Action. Hong Kong SARS Expert Committee, 2003. Available from:

Cited journals should be abbreviated according to ISO 4 rules. For examples, see

For more questions regarding reference style, please refer to Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide.

•  Appendices

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations inappendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix,Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

•  Supplementary (if available and necessary)

We encourage authors to submit detailed supplementary, including dataset, document, image, video, software code, protocol, supporting information, table etc, but some large datasets (>100 MB) should be deposited in specialized service providers by author.The supplementary should be submitted in a separated file.

•  Figures and tables

General Guidelines:

•  Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
•  Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
•  Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Times New Roman, Symbol.
•  Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
•  Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
•  Provide captions to illustrations separately.
•  Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the published version.

If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) thenplease supply 'as is' in the native document format.
Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork isfinalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolutionrequirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
•  EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
•  TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
•  TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
•  TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of500 dpi.

Please do not:

•  Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have alow number of pixels and limited set of colors;
•  Supply files that are too low in resolution;
•  Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.


Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s). Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. All the tables should be prepared in three-line format. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.The font size in tables should be from 9 to 12 pt according to the table size.

Authors should insert the Figures and Tables into the main text of the manuscript and call out all figures and tables in numerical order. There must be a caption under figure, and above table. Authors must obtain permission for the reuse of published materials from other sources.

3. English Editing

In order to speed up the peer review procedure, we encourage non-native English speaking authors to send their manuscript to a native English speaker or an English editing company for polishing before submitting to our journal. There are some English editing companies below for your consideration. Please provide the certification from the company you used along with the submission to our journal. 

The code "AIMS" is active and can be used immediately. This will provide an ongoing 10% discount any time the author uses AJE services: English Language Editing, Manuscript Formatting, Figure Services, Translation.

It will provide a 10% discount for using Charlesworth services by enter the code “AIMSPress”.

4. Article Processing Charge (APC)

The Article Processing Charge will be covered by Guangzhou University. The author do not need to pay the fees.


Open Access Journals
Open Access Journals