Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Comparative Studies on Methane Upgradation of Biogas by Removing of Contaminant Gases Using Combined Chemical Methods

Thermal Engineering Laboratory, Department of Mechanical System Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2-39-1 Kurokami, Kumamoto, 860-8555 Japan

Special Issue: Advances in Energy and Sustainable Development

Biogas, which generated from renewable sources can be used as a sustainable energy to achieve resourceful targets of biofuel for internal combustion engines. This process can be achieved in combined absorption and adsorption chemical way. This method can be employed by aqueous solutions of calcium hydroxide, activated carbon, iron(II) chloride, silica gel and sodium sulfate respectively. The presence of CO2, H2S and H2O in the biogas has lowering the calorific value and detrimental corrosion effects on the metal components. Removal of these contaminants from the biogas can therefore significantly improve the gas quality. A comparison study was investigated using combined chemical methods of improving the calorific value of biogas. Experiment results revealed that the aqueous solution used effectively in reacting with CO2 in biogas (over 85-90% removal efficiency), creating CH4 enriched biogas. The removal efficiency was the highest in method 1, where efficiency results were 91.5%, 97.1% and 91.8%, for CO2, H2S, and H2O, respectively. The corresponding CH4 enrichment was 97.5%. These results indicate that the method 1 is more suitable compare to method 2. However, both methane enrichment processes might be useful for cleaning and upgrading methane quality in biogas.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

References

1. Authayanun S, Aunsup P, Im-orb K, et al. (2013) Systematic analysis of proton electrolyte membrane fuel cell systems integrated with biogas reforming process. Chem Eng Trans 35: 607-612.

2. Pöschl M, Ward S, Owende P (2010) Evaluation of energy efficiency of various biogas production and utilization pathways. Appl Energy 87: 3305-3321.    

3. Rossi F, Nicolini A (2009) A cylindrical small size molten carbonate fuel cell: experimental investigation on materials and improving performance solutions. Fuel Cells 9: 170-177.    

4. Cotana F, Rossi F, Nicolini A (2004) A new geometry high performance small power MCFC. J Fuel Cell Sci Technol 1: 25-29.    

5. Rossi F, Nicolini A (2013) Ethanol reforming for supplying molten carbonate fuel cells. Int J Low Carbon Technol 8: 140-145.    

6. Ryckebosch E, Drouillon MH, Vervaeren H (2011) Techniques for transformation of biogas to biomethane. Biomass Bioenergy 35: 1633-1645.    

7. Hamilton WA (1985) Sulphate-reducing bacteria and anaerobic corrosion. Annu Rev Microbiol 39: 195-217.    

8. Muche H, Zimmerman H (1985) Purification of biogas. Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn.

9. Sublette KL, Sylvester ND (1987) Oxidation of hydrogen sulfide by Thiobacillus denitrificans: desulfurization of natural gas. Biotechnol Bioeng 29: 249-257.    

10. IEA (2000) Bioenergy Task 24: energy from biological conversion of organic waste. Biogas upgrading and utilisation. International Energy Agency.

11. Chen P, Overholt A, Rutledge B, et al. (2010) Economic assessment of biogas and biomethane production from manure. White Pap for: CALSTART, Pasadena, California, USA.

12. Subramanian KA, Mathad VC, Vijay VK, et al. (2013) Comparative evaluation of emission and fuel economy of an automotive spark ignition vehicle fuelled with methane enriched biogas and CNG using chassis dynamometer. Appl Energy 105: 17-29.    

13. Wellinger A, Linberg A (2000) Biogas upgrading and utilization. IEA Bioenergy Task 24. Paris, France: International Energy Association.

14. Gomes VG, Yee KWK (2000) Pressure swing adsorption for carbon dioxide sequestration from exhaust gases. Sep Purif Technol 28: 161-171.

15. Ebner AD, Ritter JA (2009) State-of-the-art adsorption and membrane separation processes for carbon dioxide production from carbon dioxide emitting industries. Sep Sci Technol 44: 1273-421.    

16. Cheng-Hsiu Y, Chih-Hung H, Chung-Sung T (2012) A review of CO2 capture by absorption and adsorption. Aerosol Air Qual Res 12: 745-769.

17. Benson SM, Cole DR (2008) CO2 sequestration in deep sedimentary formations. Elements 5: 325-331.

18. Rossi F, Nicolini A (2011) Experimental investigation on a novel electrolyte configuration for cylindrical molten carbonate fuel cells. J Fuel Cell Sci Technol 8: 1-9.

19. Abatzoglou N, Boivin S (2009) A review of biogas purification processes. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefining 3: 42-71.    

20. Persson M (2003) Utvä rdering av uppgraderingstekniker för biogas. Malmö, Sweden: Svenskt Gastekniskt Center; 85, Rapport SGC 142.

21. Bajracharya R, Dhungana A, Thapaliya N, et al. (2009). Purification and compression of biogas: A research experience. J Institute Eng 7: 1-9.

22. Horikawa MS, Rossi ML, Gimenes ML, et al. (2004) Chemical Absorption of H2S for biogas purification. Braz J Chem Eng 21: 415-422.

Copyright Info: © 2015, Shuichi Torii, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Article outline

Show full outline
Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved