Review Topical Sections

Biodegradable polymers in dental tissue engineering and regeneration

  • Received: 13 August 2018 Accepted: 18 October 2018 Published: 07 November 2018
  • Over the last decade, biodegradable polymers (BP) replaced traditional non-degradable materials in dental and maxillo-facial surgery, in particular for bone regeneration and periodontal care, due to their ability to break down and be absorbed by the body without producing harmful degradation products, along with their great potential for controlled drug delivery, wound management, dental restorations, and tissue engineering. This review described the physical–chemical characteristics of these materials, classified them based on their sensitivity on hydrolytic or enzyme degradation, and described their recent application in both restorative and regenerative dentistry.

    Citation: Raffaele Conte, Anna Di Salle, Francesco Riccitiello, Orsolina Petillo, Gianfranco Peluso, Anna Calarco. Biodegradable polymers in dental tissue engineering and regeneration[J]. AIMS Materials Science, 2018, 5(6): 1073-1101. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2018.6.1073

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  • Over the last decade, biodegradable polymers (BP) replaced traditional non-degradable materials in dental and maxillo-facial surgery, in particular for bone regeneration and periodontal care, due to their ability to break down and be absorbed by the body without producing harmful degradation products, along with their great potential for controlled drug delivery, wound management, dental restorations, and tissue engineering. This review described the physical–chemical characteristics of these materials, classified them based on their sensitivity on hydrolytic or enzyme degradation, and described their recent application in both restorative and regenerative dentistry.

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