Commentary

The upper limit of cardiorespiratory fitness associated with longevity: an update

  • Received: 22 May 2019 Accepted: 01 July 2019 Published: 04 July 2019
  • In 2013, mortality reductions with improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) have been suggested to persist until 13 METs. More recently, accumulating evidence from large-scale studies suggests that mortality from all causes decreases with increasing CRF levels, apparently without upper limit of CRF. However, when baseline CRF is assessed in later life, upper limits of CRF decrease depending on the individual fitness level at baseline and the volume and intensity of physical activity performed during follow up. Consequently, both a CRF level as high as possible during early adulthood, achieved by appropriate exercise interventions, and a small CRF decline during later life, by continuation of regular physical activity, will help to optimize longevity.

    Citation: Johannes Burtscher, Gerhard Ruedl, Markus Posch, Klaus Greier, Martin Burtscher. The upper limit of cardiorespiratory fitness associated with longevity: an update[J]. AIMS Public Health, 2019, 6(3): 225-228. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2019.3.225

    Related Papers:

  • In 2013, mortality reductions with improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) have been suggested to persist until 13 METs. More recently, accumulating evidence from large-scale studies suggests that mortality from all causes decreases with increasing CRF levels, apparently without upper limit of CRF. However, when baseline CRF is assessed in later life, upper limits of CRF decrease depending on the individual fitness level at baseline and the volume and intensity of physical activity performed during follow up. Consequently, both a CRF level as high as possible during early adulthood, achieved by appropriate exercise interventions, and a small CRF decline during later life, by continuation of regular physical activity, will help to optimize longevity.


    加载中


    Conflict of interest



    All authors declare no conflict of interest in this paper

    [1] Mandsager K, Harb S, Cremer P, et al. (2018) Association of cardiorespiratory fitness with long-term mortality among adults undergoing exercise treadmill testing. JAMA Netw Open 1: e183605. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.3605
    [2] Laukkanen JA, Kurl S, Salonen JT (2002) Cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity as risk predictors of future atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Curr Atheroscler Rep 4: 468–476. doi: 10.1007/s11883-002-0052-0
    [3] Kodama S, Saito K, Tanaka S, et al. (2009) Cardiorespiratory fitness as a quantitative predictor of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in healthy men and women: a meta-analysis. JAMA 301: 2024–2035. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.681
    [4] O'Keefe JH, Lavie CJ (2013) Run for your life … at a comfortable speed and not too far. Heart 99: 516–519. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2012-302886
    [5] Feldman DI, Al-Mallah MH, Keteyian SJ, et al. (2015) No evidence of an upper threshold for mortality benefit at high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. J Am Coll Cardiol 65: 629–630. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.11.030
    [6] Clausen JSR, Marott JL, Holtermann A, et al. (2018) Midlife Cardiorespiratory Fitness and the Long-Term Risk of Mortality: 46 Years of Follow-Up. J Am Coll Cardiol 72: 987–995. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.06.045
    [7] Imboden MT, Harber MP, Whaley MH, et al. (2018) Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Mortality in Healthy Men and Women. J Am Coll Cardiol 72: 2283–2292. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.08.2166
    [8] Burtscher M, Förster H, Burtscher J (2008) Superior endurance performance in aging mountain runners. Gerontology 54: 268–271. doi: 10.1159/000148649
    [9] Laukkanen JA, Zaccardi F, Khan H, et al. (2016) Long-term Change in Cardiorespiratory Fitness and All-Cause Mortality: A Population-Based Follow-up Study. Mayo Clin Proc 91: 1183–1188. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2016.05.014
  • Reader Comments
  • © 2019 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(1840) PDF downloads(959) Cited by(2)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Tables(1)

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog