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Differences in quality of life among college student electronic cigarette users

1 College of Nursing, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, USA
2 School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA
3 Department of Communication, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY USA
4 Campus Health Services, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY USA
5 Department of Population and Public Health Sciences, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore an association between e-cigarette use and Quality of Life (QOL) among college students. Methods: During February 2016, 1,132 students completed an online survey that included measures of tobacco use and the WHOQOL-BREF instrument. Differences were tested using Chi-square, Fisher’s exact test, and ANOVA, and regression was used to assess possible relationships. Results: E-cigarettes were used by 6.97% of the participants, either solo or along with traditional cigarettes. Bivariate analyses suggest that male college students are more likely than females to use e-cigarettes, either solo or in combination with traditional cigarettes (χ2 =19.4, P < .01). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual students are more likely than heterosexual students to use traditional cigarettes, either solo or in combination with e-cigarettes (χ2 = 32.9, P < .01). Multivariate models suggest that for every 10-unit increase in overall QOL, psychological well-being, social relations or environmental health the adjusted odds of being a sole cigarette user were significantly lower (all, P < .01), respectively. For every 10-unit increase in psychological well-being the adjusted odds of being a dual user was significantly lower (OR = .83, P = .026). Conclusions: Findings indicate that lower quality of life appears to be connected to tobacco use.
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Keywords electronic cigarette; e-cigarette; college students; tobacco use; quality of life

Citation: S. Lee Ridner, Rachel J. Keith, Kandi L. Walker, Joy L. Hart, Karen S. Newton, Timothy N. Crawford. Differences in quality of life among college student electronic cigarette users. AIMS Public Health , 2018, 5(4): 454-462. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2018.4.454

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