Research article

Estimating physical activity trends among blacks in the United States through examination of four national surveys

  • Received: 11 April 2018 Accepted: 23 May 2018 Published: 29 May 2018
  • Physical activity is essential for overall good health and aids in the prevention and reduction of many diseases. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) issued the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans to foster appropriate levels of physical activity at various ages of development. Despite these guidelines and the known benefit to being physically active; physical activity levels are significantly lower in Blacks, contributing to higher prevalence of poor health outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this paper was to look at four national datasets [Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), and National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)] to identify any patterns and trends that could be used to improve physical activity behavior within this population. These national datasets were used to estimate the proportion of Black adults and youth meeting national physical activity recommendations overall—stratified by age, gender and other demographic characteristics, to help identify patterns. The proportion of Black youth reporting regular physical activity ranged from 33% to 52%; and of Black adults, 27% to 52%. Physical activity was highest among men, younger age groups, highest education and income groups, and those who were employed or married. Trends were consistent across surveys. Among Black youth, physical activity decline with increasing grade level, and improvements over the past 10 years have been minimal. The percentage of Black adults achieving physical activity guidelines has improved slightly over the last ten years, but physical activity participation is still low and continues to decline with age. Trends identified from examining these national datasets can be used to inform development of physical activity interventions aimed at promoting and maintaining regular physical activity behavior among high risk subgroups across the life span.

    Citation: Wanda M. Williams, Michelle M. Yore, Melicia C. Whitt-Glover. Estimating physical activity trends among blacks in the United States through examination of four national surveys[J]. AIMS Public Health, 2018, 5(2): 144-157. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2018.2.144

    Related Papers:

  • Physical activity is essential for overall good health and aids in the prevention and reduction of many diseases. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) issued the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans to foster appropriate levels of physical activity at various ages of development. Despite these guidelines and the known benefit to being physically active; physical activity levels are significantly lower in Blacks, contributing to higher prevalence of poor health outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this paper was to look at four national datasets [Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), and National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)] to identify any patterns and trends that could be used to improve physical activity behavior within this population. These national datasets were used to estimate the proportion of Black adults and youth meeting national physical activity recommendations overall—stratified by age, gender and other demographic characteristics, to help identify patterns. The proportion of Black youth reporting regular physical activity ranged from 33% to 52%; and of Black adults, 27% to 52%. Physical activity was highest among men, younger age groups, highest education and income groups, and those who were employed or married. Trends were consistent across surveys. Among Black youth, physical activity decline with increasing grade level, and improvements over the past 10 years have been minimal. The percentage of Black adults achieving physical activity guidelines has improved slightly over the last ten years, but physical activity participation is still low and continues to decline with age. Trends identified from examining these national datasets can be used to inform development of physical activity interventions aimed at promoting and maintaining regular physical activity behavior among high risk subgroups across the life span.
    加载中
    [1] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical activity and health: The benefits of physical activity. (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.) 2015 June 4. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm#ImproveMentalHealth.
    [2] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. [Health.gov]. 2008. Available from: http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/guidelines/.
    [3] HP 2020. Healthy People 2020. 2017. Available from: HealthyPeople.gov: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/physical-activity.
    [4] Benjamin EJ (2017) Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation 135: E646. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000491
    [5] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. CDC.gov. 2017 August 30. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/index.htm.
    [6] Kann L, Mcmanus T, Harris WA, et al. (2016) Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance-United States, 2015. MMWR Surveill Summ 65: 1–174.
    [7] Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. CDC.gov. 2017 August 25. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/.
    [8] Mirel LB, Mohadjer LK, Dohrmann SM, et al. (2013) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: Estimation Procedures, 2007–2010. Vital Health Stat 2 1–17.
    [9] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Health Interview Survey. CDC.gov. 2017 September 12. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/index.htm.
    [10] Stata: Data Analysis and Statistical Software. 2017. Available from: https://www.stata.com/.
    [11] National Center for Health Statistics. Healthy People 2020 Midcourse Review. 2017 January 11. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/healthy_people/hp2020/hp2020_midcourse_review.htm.
    [12] McGrath L, Hopkins W, Hinckson E (2015) Associations of objectively measured built-environment attributes with youth moderate-vigorous physical activity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med 45: 841–865. doi: 10.1007/s40279-015-0301-3
    [13] Sutherland R, Reeves P, Campbell E, et al. (2016) Cost effectiveness of a multi-component school-based physical activity intervention targeting adolescents: The 'Physical Activity 4 Everyone' cluster randomized trial. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 13: 1–14. doi: 10.1186/s12966-015-0325-y
    [14] Der Ananian CA, Churan C, Adams MA (2015) Correlates of Physical Activity among Blacks and Whites with Arthritis. Am J Health Behav 39: 562–572. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.39.4.13
    [15] Ralston PA, Young-Clark I, Coccia C (2017) The Development of Health for Hearts United: A Longitudinal Church-based Intervention to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk in Mid-life and Older African Americans. Ethn Dis 27: 21–30. doi: 10.18865/ed.27.1.21
    [16] Wenthe PJ, Janz KF, Levy SM (2009) Gender Similarities and Differences in Factors Associated with Adolescent Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity. Pediatr Exerc Sci 21: 291–304. doi: 10.1123/pes.21.3.291
    [17] Telford RM, Telford DT, Olive LS, et al. (2016) Why Are Girls Less Physically Active than Boys? Findings from the LOOK Longitudinal Study. PLoS One 11: e0150041.
    [18] Lenhart CM, Hanlon A, Kang Y, et al. (2012) Gender Disparity in Structured Physical Activity and Overall Activity Level in Adolescence: Evaluation of Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Data. ISRN Public Health 2012: 8.
    [19] Andersen L, Gustat J, Becker AB (2015) The Relationship Between the Social Environment and Lifestyle-Related Physical Activity in a Low-Income African American Inner-City Southern Neighborhood. J Community Health 40: 967–974. doi: 10.1007/s10900-015-0019-z
    [20] Beville JM, Meyer MR, Usdan SL, et al. (2014) Gender Differences in College Leisure Time Physical Activity: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior and Integrated Behavioral Model. J Am Coll Health 62: 173–184. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2013.872648
    [21] Mama SK, McCurdy SA, Evans AE, et al. (2015) Using Community Insight to Understand Physical Activity Adoption in Overweight and Obese African American and Hispanic Women: A Qualitative Study. Health Educ Behav 42: 321–328. doi: 10.1177/1090198114557128
    [22] Mama SK, McNeill LH, McCurdy SA, et al. (2015) Psychosocial Factors and Theory in Physical Activity Studies in Minorities. Am J Health Behav 39: 68–76. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.39.1.8
    [23] Brown WJ, Trost SG (2003) Life transitions and changing physical activity patterns in young women. Am J Prev Med 25: 140–143. doi: 10.1016/S0749-3797(03)00119-3
    [24] Harley AE, Rice J, Walker R, et al. (2013) Physically active, low-Income African American women: An exploration of activity maintenance in the context of sociodemographic factors associated with inactivity. Women Health 53: 354–372.
    [25] Shattuck RM, Kreider RM (2013) Social and economic characteristics of currently unmarried women with a recent birth: 2011. American community survey reports.
    [26] Im EO, Ko Y, Hwang H, et al. (2012) "Physical activity as a luxury": African American women's attitudes toward physical activity. West J Nurs Res 34: 317–339. doi: 10.1177/0193945911400637
    [27] Joseph RP, Keller C, Affuso O, et al. (2016) Designing culturally relevant physical activity programs for African-American women: A framework for intervention development. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 1–13.
    [28] Whitt-Glover MC, Taylor WC, Heath GW, et al. (2007) Self-Reported Physical Activity Among Blacks: Estimates from National Surveys. Am J Preve Med 33: 412–417. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.024
    [29] Cohen SS, Matthews CE, Signorello LB, et al. (2013) Sedentary and physically active behavior patterns among low-income African-American and white adults living in the southeastern United States. PLoS One 8: 1–12.
    [30] Van Domelen DR, Koster A, Caserotti P, et al. (2011) Employment and Physical Activity in the U.S. Am J Prev Med 41: 136–145. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.03.019
    [31] Sun H, Vamos CA, Flory SSB, et al. (2017) Correlates of long-term physical activity adherence in women. J Sport Health Sci 6.
    [32] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Disease Indicators. 2015 January15. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/.

    © 2018 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
  • Reader Comments
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(911) PDF downloads(849) Cited by(8)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Tables(3)

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog