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Fractional Laplacians on ellipsoids

  • Received: 15 May 2020 Accepted: 08 September 2020 Published: 22 September 2020
  • We show explicit formulas for the evaluation of (possibly higher-order) fractional Laplacians (-△)s of some functions supported on ellipsoids. In particular, we derive the explicit expression of the torsion function and give examples of $s$-harmonic functions. As an application, we infer that the weak maximum principle fails in eccentric ellipsoids for $s\in(1, \sqrt{3}+3/2)$ in any dimension $n\geq 2$. We build a counterexample in terms of the torsion function times a polynomial of degree 2. Using point inversion transformations, it follows that a variety of bounded and unbounded domains do not satisfy positivity preserving properties either and we give some examples.

    Citation: Nicola Abatangelo, Sven Jarohs, Alberto Saldaña. Fractional Laplacians on ellipsoids[J]. Mathematics in Engineering, 2021, 3(5): 1-34. doi: 10.3934/mine.2021038

    Related Papers:

  • We show explicit formulas for the evaluation of (possibly higher-order) fractional Laplacians (-△)s of some functions supported on ellipsoids. In particular, we derive the explicit expression of the torsion function and give examples of $s$-harmonic functions. As an application, we infer that the weak maximum principle fails in eccentric ellipsoids for $s\in(1, \sqrt{3}+3/2)$ in any dimension $n\geq 2$. We build a counterexample in terms of the torsion function times a polynomial of degree 2. Using point inversion transformations, it follows that a variety of bounded and unbounded domains do not satisfy positivity preserving properties either and we give some examples.


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  • © 2021 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
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