Research article

Acinetobacter baumannii in sheep, goat, and camel raw meat: virulence and antibiotic resistance pattern

  • Received: 13 May 2019 Accepted: 27 August 2019 Published: 23 September 2019
  • Acinetobacter genus belongs to a group of Gram-negative coccobacillus. These bacteria are isolated from human and animal origins. Antimicrobial agents play a vital role in treating infectious diseases in both humans and animals, and Acinetobacter in this regard is defined as an organism of low virulence. The current study aimed to evaluate antibiotic resistance properties and virulence factor genes in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from raw animal meat samples. Fresh meat samples from 124 sheep, 162 goat, and 95 camels were randomly collected from Isfahan and Shahrekord cities in Iran. Most A. baumannii strains isolated from sheep meat samples represented fimH (82.35%), aac(3)-IV (78.43%), sul1 (78.43%) and Integron Class I (96.07%) genes. Moreover, more than 50% of A. baumannii strains isolated from sheep samples were resistant to streptomycin (54.90%), gentamycin (74.50%), co-trimoxazole (70.58%), tetracycline (82.35%), and trimethoprim (62.74%). Current findings revealed significant association between the presence of fimH, cnfI, afa/draBC, dfrA1, sulI, aac(3)-IV genes in sheep samples. Furthermore, significant association was observed between fimH, cnfI, sfa/focDE and dfrA1genes in goat meat samples. In sheep meat samples, significant differences were identified in resistance to gentamicin, tetracycline, and co-trimoxazole in comparison with other antibiotics. Finally, there were statistically significant differences between the incidences of resistance to gentamicin, tetracycline, and co-trimoxazole in comparison with other antibiotics in all strains. In conclusion, the presence of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance in A. baumannii strains isolated from animal meat samples showed that animals should be considered as a potential reservoir of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii.

    Citation: Neda Askari, Hassan Momtaz, Elahe Tajbakhsh. Acinetobacter baumannii in sheep, goat, and camel raw meat: virulence and antibiotic resistance pattern[J]. AIMS Microbiology, 2019, 5(3): 272-284. doi: 10.3934/microbiol.2019.3.272

    Related Papers:

  • Acinetobacter genus belongs to a group of Gram-negative coccobacillus. These bacteria are isolated from human and animal origins. Antimicrobial agents play a vital role in treating infectious diseases in both humans and animals, and Acinetobacter in this regard is defined as an organism of low virulence. The current study aimed to evaluate antibiotic resistance properties and virulence factor genes in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from raw animal meat samples. Fresh meat samples from 124 sheep, 162 goat, and 95 camels were randomly collected from Isfahan and Shahrekord cities in Iran. Most A. baumannii strains isolated from sheep meat samples represented fimH (82.35%), aac(3)-IV (78.43%), sul1 (78.43%) and Integron Class I (96.07%) genes. Moreover, more than 50% of A. baumannii strains isolated from sheep samples were resistant to streptomycin (54.90%), gentamycin (74.50%), co-trimoxazole (70.58%), tetracycline (82.35%), and trimethoprim (62.74%). Current findings revealed significant association between the presence of fimH, cnfI, afa/draBC, dfrA1, sulI, aac(3)-IV genes in sheep samples. Furthermore, significant association was observed between fimH, cnfI, sfa/focDE and dfrA1genes in goat meat samples. In sheep meat samples, significant differences were identified in resistance to gentamicin, tetracycline, and co-trimoxazole in comparison with other antibiotics. Finally, there were statistically significant differences between the incidences of resistance to gentamicin, tetracycline, and co-trimoxazole in comparison with other antibiotics in all strains. In conclusion, the presence of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance in A. baumannii strains isolated from animal meat samples showed that animals should be considered as a potential reservoir of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii.


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    Acknowledgment



    The authors would like to thank Dr. Abbas Farahani for his assistance in sample collection and PCR genetic alignments. This work was financially supported by the Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord, Iran.

    Conflict of interest



    The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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