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Global boundedness and stability for a chemotaxis model of Boló’s concentric sclerosis

College of Mathematics and Statistics, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China

Special Issues: Mathematical Models and Autoimmune Diseases

Baló’s concentric sclerosis (BCS) is considered a variant of inflammatory demyelinating disease closely related to multiple sclerosis characterized by a discrete concentrically layered lesion in the cerebal white matter. Khonsari and Calvez (Plos ONE. 2(2007)) proposed a parabolic-elliptic-ODE chemotaxis model for BCS which describes the evolution of the densities of activated macrophages, cytokine and apoptotic oligodendrocytes. Because “classically activated” M1 microglia can produce cytotoxicity, we introduce a linear production term from the activated microglia in the ODE for pro-inflammatory cytotoxic. For the new BCS chemotaxis model, we first investigate the uniform boundedness and global existence of classical solutions, and then get a range of the chemosensitive rate χ where the unique positive equilibrium point is exponentially asymptotically stable.
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© 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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